Definition: A morbid fear of open spaces/public places
The word “agoraphobia” comes from two Greek words that mean “fear” and “marketplace”. The anxiety associated with agoraphobia leads to avoidance of situations that involve being outside one’s home alone, being in crowds, being on a bridge, or traveling by car or public transportation. Agoraphobia may intensify to the point that it interferes with a person’s ability to take a job outside the home or to carry out such ordinary errands and activities as picking up groceries or going out to a movie. People with agoraphobia appear to suffer from two distinct types of anxiety. Panic, and the anticipatory anxiety related to fear of future panic attacks. Patients with agoraphobia are sometimes able to endure being in the situations they fear by “gritting their teeth”, or by having a friend or relative accompany them The symptoms of agoraphobia can be similar to those of specific phobia and social phobia. In agoraphobia and specific phobia, the focus is fear itself; with social phobia, the person’s focus is on how others are perceiving him/her. Patients diagnosed with agoraphobia tend to be more afraid of their own internal physical sensations and similar cues than of the reactions of others perse. In cases of specic phobia, the person fears very specific situations, whereas in agoraphobia, the person generally fears a variety of fears (being outside of home alone, or traveling on public transportation. Differential diagnosis of agoraphobia “can be difficult because of all these conditions are characterized by avoidance of specific situations.
* Genetic: It has been known that for some years that anxiety disorders tend to run in families. * Innate Temperament: A number of researchers have pointed to inborn temperament as a broad vulnerability factor in the development of anxiety and mood disorders. * Physiological Reaction to Illness: Another factor in the...
...Panic Disorder and Agoraphobia – A Study
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PDA – Panic Disorder and Agoraphobia – A Study
Until recently, not much was known about Agoraphobia, a disorder that in many cases can be almost crippling. Panic disorder is a milder form of Agoraphobia and in its own way can be almost as disabling. Together, these two disorders are referred to as PDA, or Panic Disorder Agoraphobia. Those who suffer from either of these are forced to modify their lives in many ways. With the milder form - panic disorder – these modifications may not be quite so severe, but those who have Agoraphobia may often have to drastically alter their lives in order to even function. While medications such as Olanzapine (Mokhber, & Savadkoohi, 2011) and Imipramine (Marchand, 2008) have been shown to be effective in many cases, they don’t always work for everyone and the side effects can be almost as devastating as the disorder itself.
Agoraphobia is a severe form of anxiety disorder defined by RightHealth.com as a fear of having severe panic-like symptoms in a situation that the sufferer deems difficult, if not impossible to escape; situations such as wide-open spaces, crowds, or uncontrolled social conditions. Claustrophobia, which is the fear of being...
...Agoraphobia is an anxiety disorder characterized by anxiety in situations where the sufferer perceives certain environments as dangerous or uncomfortable, often due to the environment's vast openness or crowdedness. These situations include, but are not limited to, wide-open spaces, as well as uncontrollable social situations such as the possibility of being met in shopping malls, airports, and on bridges. Agoraphobia is defined within the DSM-IV TR as a subset of panic disorder, involving the fear of incurring a panic attack in those environments. In the DSM-5, however, Agoraphobia is classified as being separate to panic disorder. The sufferer may go to great lengths to avoid those situations, in severe cases becoming unable to leave their home or safe haven.
Although mostly thought to be a fear of public places, it is now believed that agoraphobia develops as a complication of panic attacks. However, there is evidence that the implied one-way causal relationship between spontaneous panic attacks and agoraphobia in DSM-IV may be incorrect. Onset is usually between ages 20 and 40 years and more common in women. Approximately 3.2 million, or about 2.2%, of adults in the US between the ages of 18 and 54, suffer from agoraphobia. Agoraphobia can account for approximately 60% of phobias. Studies have shown two different age groups at first onset: early to mid twenties, and...
...irrational fear of an object or situation that presents no realistic danger. Agoraphobia is an intense, irrational fear or anxiety occasioned by the prospect of having to enter certain outdoor locations or open spaces. For example, busy streets, busy stores, tunnels, bridges, public transportation and cars. Traditionally agoraphobia was solely classified as a phobic disorder. However, due to recent studies it is now also viewed as a panic disorder. Panic disorders are characterised by recurrent attacks of overwhelming anxiety that usually occur suddenly and unexpectedly (Weiten, 1998).
For a person diagnosed with agoraphobia, there are a number of restrictions and consequences associated with the disorder. A serious consequence is the incidence of severe and paralysing panic attacks. In the early stages of agoraphobia people suffer recurring panic attacks when in certain public places or situations. These attacks cause the person to feel generally uncomfortable in public settings. Eventually, fear of the recurrence of the panic attacks results in an obvious reluctance or refusal to enter all situations associated with the attacks. Other consequences of agoraphobia may include fear of being alone, fear of being in places where escape might be difficult, feelings of helplessness, dependence on others and depression. These consequences place many serious restrictions on a person with this disorder....
AgoraphobiaAgoraphobia is a type of panic disorder, which is though to affect between 1 and 7 percent of the population. This phobia accounts for roughly 60% of people suffering from phobias. This disorder is the fear of being somewhere hard to escape, or where help cannot reach you, when panic strikes. For instance someone with agoraphobia may fear a very crowded party, or a vast empty area. Someone having a panic attack in a certain situation generally causes agoraphobia. After having the attack, the person develops a fear of the situation that caused the attack, and fear of having another attack. People suffering from agoraphobia will go out of their way to avoid situations that they fear will lead them to having a panic attack. Some people with very sever forms of the disorder, will go so far as to never leave their house or safe haven. Although it can occur in anyone, agoraphobia generally manifests around the mid twenties, and is more often found in women than men. Symptoms of agoraphobia include a sense of helplessness, as well as feeling very detached from other people. Agoraphobic people also tend to fear not having control in certain situations. Agoraphobia can be very overpowering, however, it is treatable. One way to help treat agoraphobia, is with the use of exposure therapy. By slowly exposing an agoraphobic person to...
Fast food restaurants are extremely successful in today’s world, but which restaurant is really better? That may be an easy decision to make right off the bat, but looking into further detail may make one change his or her mind. When choosing a place to eat, evaluating certain criteria, like food quality and taste, service, prices, and overall atmosphere could assist in the decision-making process. Two of the largest, most popular fast food chains in America today are Wendy’s and McDonalds, so this essay will provide an evaluation of the overall quality of both.
When going to Wendy’s or McDonald’s, the first detail one sees is the large, glowing neon sign that towers above the actual restaurant itself, screaming out, “Pick me! Pick me!” Then, there is the choice of pulling around through a “drive-thru” or parking and eating inside. Every Wendy’s and McDonald’s is generally the same in appearance. A Brown, brick building, large glass windows, men’s and women’s restrooms, a dining area, the front counter where orders are taken and the kitchen behind the front counter comprise basically every restaurant there is. Remodeling to the original appearances of each restaurant has been taking place over time though, to attract more attention and provide an update to the progressing technology of today. Some things have not changed yet, though. Wendy’s logo is and has always been a red-haired, freckled little girl wearing a blue...
April 29, 2015
Professor Christian Heisler
Police Brutality has become a serious topic in today’s time being that every time you turn on the TV you see them mention another act of violence from the police and since that were in 2015, cellphone cameras are being used to capture every single second of it, so it won’t become he say, she say evidence. According to Salem Press Encyclopedia, police brutality is abuses of authority that amount to serious and divisive human rights violations involving the excessive use of force that may occur in the apprehension or retention of civilians. Police brutality has become the issue of today’s time with civilians of this country; recent examples of police brutality are Eric Garner, Freddie gray, Sean Bell and it’s sad that’s there even more incidents. Police has been advised that some shootings are unjustified and wrong but they find a loophole, finding the victim to be wrong instead of the police officer. Most of the time it has been minorities that have been the victim in these incidents, and that is why police and minority groups have been having major conflicts that effects the country. I agree with this article that police brutality is a major issue and I believe that it’s wrong and need to be put to an end.
In this article, race has become a major factor in this topic being that people of color tend to believe that they are targeted by their color and are the prime target...
The passage I read is called “I have finally found what I wanted to be when I grew up.” It is a personal success story about Shelia S. Webster’s journey to becoming a registered nurse. This passage is very relatable to what I want to be when I grow up because I would like to become a Pediatric Nurse. Being a Pediatric Nurse means that you devote your knowledge and skills to caring for children from infancy to late teen years, and their families. In this passage Shelia writes about how much work and time it took for her to become a nurse.
Shelia first started in the medical field as a labor and delivery staff nurse in 1993, but a few factors of this job quickly had Shelia second guessing her career (Webster). One factor that made her job less appealing was the stress of working in a high risk environment (Webster). The second factor was the late hours, between work and school she hardly had any time to herself (Webster). The third factor that made Shelia want to change her career was the restricting care she could provide in her facility (Webster). All of that stress was making her reach her breaking point (Webster).
While still in school, her first step to her career was signing up for the legal nurse consulting seminar and before the semester was over she knew that nursing was the job for her (Webster). She was willing to do anything to get herself into the nursing program, to achieve this she became a claims analyst at a malpractice insurance carrier (Webster)....
8 October 2014
Globalization through Multimodal Visuals: Is it Good or Bad?
Has globalization made a big impact on the world? Is globalization a good or bad thing? Globalization has been a big part of the world. Images of globalization give off a greater understanding of globalization. It allows people to create their own opinion. The image and the multimodal video used to support Pico Iyer’s argument gives off two sides of globalization, along with the multimodal video to depict globalization. Pico Iyer’s essay uses the image to focus on the good side of globalization, whereas the multimodal video supports the bad side of globalization because of the visuals that are used.
Pico Iyer views that the world is attaining a level of globalization that was only dreamt about. He talks about how Italian food is served casually in a Saigon restaurant and “burger joints” are popping up all over places like Japan. He describes the typical morning with examples of living in a multicultural environment. He also talks about how the dispersion of people becomes greater. For example, one new baby in every four is Arab. The author also brings light to some cities, like Hong Kong and Paris. They are becoming more and more globalized. Iyer is basically saying that the American culture is everywhere. Citizens of various countries, like Hong Kong, bring their own customs that contribute to globalization. Economic factors, such as capitalism,...