AFGHANISTAN-TALIBAN AND THEIR DOWNFALL
5.Geo-Strategic Importance of Afghanistan.Afghanistan is Central Asia’s land locked country, spread over an area of 253, 861 miles. Bordered on the North by the Republics of Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan, North-East by the Chinese province of Sinkiang, on the South-East by Pakistan, and on the West by Iran. Afghanistan’s geopolitical importance has been that of a buffer state first between the Tsarist Russian and the British Indian Empires and later between the Soviet Union and the American allies. In addition to it’s close proximity to the oil rich Persian Gulf and the erstwhile Soviet Union’ soft under belly added to its geopolitical significance. Though landlocked, Afghanistan’s Southern most tip is a mere 350 miles from the Arabian Sea, thus providing an anchor for any potent force heading towards the warm waters of the Arabian Sea. 6.Sociological Features of Afghanistan. The inhabitants of Afghanistan mostly are Muslims. 80% of population belongs to Sunni Sect, 18% are Shias, and 2% are of Ismaili Sect. It seems that religion is the real force in Afghan’s life, permeating complete social structure. 7.Ethnic Division. Afghanistan is one of the poorest countries in the world, ranking 170th out of 174 in UNDP’s Human Development Index. The ethnic division of Afghanistan is as under:-
8.Afghan’s Brief History. Darius I and Alexander the Great were the first to use Afghanistan as the gateway to India. Islamic conquerors arrived in the 7th century, and Genghis Khan and Tamerlane followed in the 13 th and 14 th centuries. In the 19 th century, Afghanistan became a battleground in the rivalry between imperial Britain and Czarist Russia for control of Central Asia. Three Anglo- Afghan wars ended inconclusively. In 1893 Britain established an unofficial border, the Durand Line, separating Afghanistan from...
...1)Afghanistan was once a place of relative peace. A place where one could do as they please and have the freedoms to be who they wanted to be. But a few years would change that all. Everything that the citizens of Afghanistan knew, their entire way of life would change. The cause? The Taliban. The Taliban are an extremist Muslim group from Afghanistan. The Taliban, who call themselves Jihad or “freedom fighters” are the most brutal extremist Muslims in the world. To understand the Taliban you must understand how they where able to gain control of Afghanistan, there rule during the time period they controlled Afghanistan, and how they were overthrown by opposition groups.
2)During the 1980s Afghanistan was being over run by the Soviet Union. During this period the citizens of Afghanistan believed anyone would be better rulers then the foreign Soviet Union. This mind set is what allowed for the Taliban to take power. At the beginning of the Taliban take over, and rule, the citizens of Afghanistan supported the Taliban. To the villagers, who had not seen peace in over fourteen years, the Taliban where a group of organized Muslims who wanted to recreate Afghanistan to its former glory. Which is exactly what they had longed for. The citizens...
...The word Taliban means students of religion, and that is exactly what the Taliban is made up of. Many members came from schools in Pakistan. The group surfaced in Afghanistan in 1994 during a civil war in Afghanistan. Their goal was to establish an Islamic State of Afghanistan. The Taliban had a perverse interpretation of Sharia law, law guided by the Qur’an. Because of the Taliban’s perverse interpretation of Sharia law the Taliban hampered Afghanistan.
The Taliban’s origins come from Muslim seminaries. The word Taliban literally means students of religion. They chose this name because it reflects the history of many of its members. Many of the Taliban were students of Muslim seminaries. Even more were born in Pakistani refugee camps, and attended school there. The schools they attended are called Madrassas, or Muslim seminaries and schools. These schools taught about the Islamic ideal society, the society that Muhammad created 1,400 years ago. Many of the members of the Taliban studied the Qur’an. Numerous members were drawn and recruited from the Madrassas set up in Pakistani refugee camps.
Mullah Omar, the leader of the Taliban, and his followers were Sunni and Pashtun. The Pashtun ethnic group is the largest of Afghanistan, with a forty-percent share of the population. Pashtuns ruled...
How the Taliban Changed Afghanistan
Khaled Hosseini’s novel, The Kite Runner, follows the life of a young boy living in Afghanistan; a very different Afghanistan than the one we know today. Through his eyes we see the country he loves, his home, torn apart by a war with the Soviet Union, then a civil war, before finally being taken over by an extremely strict religious group called the Taliban. This series of horrible events destroys everything he loved about Afghanistan; it claims the lives of friends and family, and even threatens his own future. Of course, The Kite Runner is a novel; at least some of the story is fictionalized. How much of these terrible things actually take place in real life? The Taliban have defiantly had a powerful effect on Afghanistan, its citizens, and on the rest of the world. What exactly have they done that to so drastically change the dynamic of the country and the lives of its citizens?
The Taliban have been around for a long time, (playing a quiet, background role in Afghanistan), but it wasn’t until the mid ‘90s that they really began to gain followers and power. Afghanistan’s bitter civil war shattered the country and weakened the control of the government, dividing the country and forcing its citizens to live in chaos. People desperately needed protection, leadership, and guidance,...
The US Department of State has never labelled or listed the Taliban in its foreign terrorist
Organization list. In this paper, I will show that the Taliban is a terrorist organization and need
to be labelled as such by the US Department of State. The US Federal Bureau of Investigations
has defined international terrorism as follows:
“Involve violent acts or acts dangerous to human life that violate federal or state law;
Appear to be intended (i) to intimidate or coerce a civilian population; (ii) to influence the policy of a government by intimidation or coercion; or (iii) to affect the conduct of a government by mass destruction, assassination, or kidnapping; and
Occur primarily outside the territorial jurisdiction of the U.S., or transcend national boundaries in terms of the means by which they are accomplished, the persons they appear intended to intimidate or coerce, or the locale in which their perpetrators operate or seek asylum.” 18 U.S.C. § 2331
The Taliban has been a major terrorist organization in Afghanistan for the past two and half
decades. During this period, they have ruled and played the role of society cleanser for the
Afghans and the Pakistani people. They have killed, maimed, flogged, abused, kidnapped, and
conducted terrorist activities throughout the...
...Taliban Regime Vs the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan.
Afghanistan is a mountainous land-locked country, which is one of the central Asian countries. In addition, it is an Islamic country that Islam religion has played a significant role in governing it. In Afghanistan Many governments had been changed in past several decades. For instance, the Kingdom of Amanullah Khan, the Kingdom of Mohammad Nadir Shah, Mohammad Zahir Shah, The Communist Regimes, the Islamic State of Afghanistan, Taliban Regime, Interim Government, Transitional Government, and the Islamic Republic Governments. As most of us agree that the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan changed very much in contrast to passed governments, especially Taliban Regime. This piece of writing concentrates on similarities and differences of Taliban Regime and the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan. The similarities are fewer among the mentioned governments; however, the differences between them are several. First the similarities will be discussed; secondly the differences will be pointed.
The first similarity between these two governments is that in Taliban Regime laws and regulations of Islam was implemented and maintained in according with Sharia’s laws. It always tried to carry on the Islamic laws on people and disputes. There were three types of courts such as, Primary...
By Ahmed Rashid
Ahmed Rashid's Taliban was the best book on the history and ideology of the Taliban when it was first published in 2000. It still is. In three sections that read easily and fluidly, Rashid oulines the ideological and historical origins of the Taliban, the Taliban's interpretation of Islam, and the Taliban and Afghanistan's place in "the new great game," a competition between regional and western powers for that region of the world.
In 2000, the Taliban was still a relatively mysterious militia that had managed to take over most of Afghanistan in 1996. The Taliban ended a four-year civil war that had shredded the country even more than the Soviet occupation of 1979-1989. The Taliban applied the most extremist interpretation ofSharia law through edicts, prohibitions and repression that stunned the world. Only three countries recognized the new regime: Pakistan, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates, each of which had funded and armed the mysterious, turbaned bands of "Talibs" (the word means student in Arabic, as talibs were students of Pakistan's madrassas). Few western reporters ventured into Taliban territory.
Among them was John Burns of The New York Times, who won a Pulitzer Prize in 1997 "for his courageous and insightful coverage of the harrowing regime imposed on...
...parahon called tunbun. They often wear a short vest or jacket over their shirt as well. The shoes recommended to wear can range from a variety of shoes, sneakers, boots, sandals, or even dress shoes. Afghan men also were a piece called a pato. A pato is a shawl like blanket
used for a number of purposes such as a cover for sleeping, a prayer rug, or a cover for their laps and feet while they are sitting down on the ground.
Men that live in Afghanistan also wear something on their head like the women but instead of a burqa the wear a cap or a turban. They wear these pieces daily. The caps that the men wear come in many different colors and patterns to set them apart in the many ethnic groups. Usually the young boys only wear caps while the older men wear caps or turbans. The cap that the men wear usually identifies their social class while there clothing does not. Men and women alike dress the way they do so that they can maintain a level of spirituality and modesty.
Another interesting piece about Afghanistan is the jewelry aspect of their everyday dress. Typically women are the only ones in the culture that really wear jewelry. They do not wear jewelry as a vanity statement piece they wear it to protect them. Afghan women usually wear jewelry based on what it means and what metal it is made out of. Sterling silver is one of the most popular metals to have because it means something very important. Sterling silver...
...History Final Research: Taliban
While the civil war was in Afghanistan, the Taliban was grouping in Pakistan.
They were small religious schools for orphans and refugee children.
With the influence from Mullah Omar, the schools got bigger until they were a political force.
The Taliban started to take control of Afghanistan.
September 1996, they came to power and renamed it to Islamic Ermiate ofAfghanistan.
At first the people liked the Taliban, they told them that they would bring back culture the Soviets threatened to take away.
The Taliban was extremely strict about the Islamic laws.
They forbid music, kites, clapping at sports, or any cultural expression.
Women had no rights.
Men had to have long beards and had to wear turbans.
Punishment was cutting off arms if accused of stealing, beatings, and public executions at sporting events.
Human rights no longer existed.
Taliban supported terrorist training camps (Al Qaeda) to set up in Afghanistan.
Before the TalibanAfghanistan was torn because of the Civil War and the Soviet war.
The Taliban gained control in the mid 1990s
Taliban wanted Afghanistan to be a total Islamic state.
"The Taliban enforced strict...