Access to education and equality of opportunity
This essay will look at wether access to education and training is instrumental in promoting equality of opportunity in today’s Australia. The discussion will start with a description of the role of education and training in our society, it will continue with the identification of various social groups and the factors influencing their access to education in all its forms. Current policies will also be examined and commented on and it will look at ways that the community can support disadvantaged groups to move towards a greater equality of opportunity. The essay will conclude with a list of recommendations that could enable greater equality of opportunity in our society. The role of education in society can basically be divided into two main ideologies. The first and perhaps the oldest ideology or theory is termed the “Reproductive Theory”, this has long been promoted by the “establishment” as a way of ensuring that everyone knows their place in society and the “Status Quo” is perpetuated. Bowles and Gintis (1976) proposed a more up to date version, known as the “Correspondence theory”, this advocates that there is a “relationship between the nature of work and the education system in any Capitalist society.” Basically the theory says that the major task of any Capitalist education system is to train people so that they fulfil the needs of the production process. In this respect, Bowles and Gintis (1976) “show how various aspects of economic production (work) have corresponding features in the education system. In basic terms, the organisation of the education system explicitly mirrors the way work is organised in Capitalist societies.” The second theory is based on the concept of “Meritocracy” which is defined by Lawson and Garrod (2003) in the following way “A social system in which rewards and occupational positions are allocated justly on the basis of merit, rather than ascriptive factors such as class, gender, ethnic group or wealth.” In short, you get to your goal because of what you can do and not because of who you are: in Australia, society pushes the idea that everyone gets a fair go in life and success is based on ability rather then social position, wealth or ethnicity. Both of these approaches fulfil a need, the first keeps producing a constant supply of manpower that feeds the Capitalist process and promotes the idea that this is the path to happiness and fulfilment. The second gives the illusion of freedom and individuality by claiming that everything is achievable if you are smart enough and prepared to work hard and long. The root of the word 'education' is derived from the Latin 'e-ducare' literally meaning to 'lead forth' or bring out something which is potentially present and this introduces a third task of education, that of gathering knowledge for knowledge’s sake. In this situation people become perpetual students and gather information with no specific practical purpose in mind, they see education as a form of self-development and a measure of cultural maturation of a society. According to Rogers (1969) "The goal of education is inward freedom and complete human development, which leads to the accurate perception of reality free from distortion”. Purpel (1989) further says that” The goal of education is the cultivation of the individual's human capacities for 'self-actualization', for ‘love, justice, community and joy’." In theory, in Australia, everyone has equality of opportunity; unfortunately this theory does not translate into reality. There are social groups that have no easy or guaranteed access to educational opportunities and there are factors that mitigate equality of opportunity. The most obvious social group that lacks good access to education and training is composed of the Aboriginal and Torres Straits Islanders (ATSI) population of Australia. This group suffers for several reasons including lack of initiative...
Access to Higher Education 2012/2013
Unit: Core Biology Unit 2
Assignment Title: Genetics
IV sample Y/N
1. Understand how genetic information is passed from parents to offspring.
1.1 Recall the main stages of meiosis and understand the biological significance of the process. ( question 5)
1.2 Understand Monohybrid and Dihybrid Mendelian Inheritance.(question 1,4)
1.3 Understand co-dominance and sex linkage.(question 2,3)
1.4 Apply biological principles and concepts in solving genetic variation problems. ( questions 1,2,3,4,5,)
1a) Understanding of the subject
The student has acquired the knowledge and demonstrates
Merit: a very good grasp of the relevant knowledge base
Distinction: an excellent grasp of the relevant knowledge base
Feedback on GD1
The student’s work:
Merit: taken as a whole, demonstrates a very good response to demands of the assignment
Distinction: taken as a whole, demonstrates an excellent response to the demands of the assignment
Feedback on GD7
Tutor Signature__________________________ Date_________________
Please sign and attach this cover sheet to your assignment
I have read and understand the regulations regarding plagiarism. The work submitted for this...
...INDIA'S GROWTH THROUGH ADVANCEMENT IN EDUCATION SECTOR
*Research scholar,sri Venkateshwara university,gajraula
**Supervisor, Maharaja agarsen college,Delhi university.
Education in India today is nothing like it was in Pre-Independence and Post-Independence Era. Education System in India today went through a lot of changes before it emerged in its present form. Presenteducation system in India is also guided by different objectives and goals as compared to earlier time. Present system of education in India, however is based around the policies of yesteryears. After independence, it was on 29th August 1947, that a Department of Education under the Ministry of Human Resource Development was set up. At that time the mission was the quantitative spread of education facilities. After, 1960’s the efforts were more focussed to provide qualitative education facilities. The present research focus on steps through which our indian education system had gone through. The basic moto of this research is to show that india has done serious efforts in education nd has shotremendous development but it is still lacking in comparison with developed nations. This study is an effort to suggest some measures for its improvement.
Education in every sense is one of...
Student number: 20134571
Science 1 in the Early Years
Assessment: Item 1- Views of teaching and promoting science of young learners
The pedagogy of play can be hard to understand and part of the reason for this is it’s so difficult to explain how children learn by play because play isn’t simply; it is complex. Each child begins their early childhood education with a set of skills and prior knowledge that is influenced by their family, culture and past experiences (Fellows &Oakley, 2010). The past knowledge should become the foundation for developing an understanding of scientific concepts (Duschl, Schweingruber & Shouse, 2007). Children are naturally inquisitive, creative and aware of the world around them (Campbell & Jobling, 2012). Play is an important development tool and an effective way to teach children scientific concepts while using their prior knowledge (Preston, Mules, Baker & Frost, 2007). Learning science through play shows children that science is useful and enjoyable and is a significant aspect of the real world (Bulunuz, 2013). This essay will review teaching science through play, theorists who support play and the way in which the Australian curriculum and EYLF support play pedagogy.
Science and Play
Play pedagogy is a context for learning through which children organise and make sense of their social worlds, as they engage actively with people, objects and representations. Research shows...
...Access Courses for Higher Education -
The Access course for School Leavers is a course specifically designed for students who have a real desire to study at third level, but are unable due to financial and social reasons. This scheme facilitates school-leavers from all schools in the Border, Midland and Western region and Co. Clare.
The course is designed for:
This course targets those students who have the ability to benefit from and succeed in higher education but who, for a variety of social and economic reasons, are underrepresented at third level. Students should be highly motivated and interested in studying at undergraduate level in their chosen area.
The kind of socio-economic reasons that are considered
* Long-term unemployment
* Low family income
* Little or no family tradition of progression onto higher education
* Limited study facilities at home
* Family stresses (particularly those related to family finance)
This programme is also suitable for students with disabilities, whose background education has been affected by long-term absenteeism due to their illness.
The standard of Leaving Certificate required
Students will normally have a minimum of 2C (higher level) and 4 (ordinary level) grades to demonstrate their ability to manage academically. Students cannot always be guaranteed entry at this level. Students who have...
...Business and Economics
Lecturer: Vani Bardetta
Access to higher education
Prepared by Liu zixuan
Student ID: LIZID1302
Wednesday, 28 August, 2013 Word Count = 1,011
(Should it be the responsibility of the government to ensure that all SES students have access to higher education?)
Obtaining an advanced degree is increasingly significant for many employees especially of them working for major corporations. However, the fact is that opportunities of accessing to higher education are unequal (Argy 2007). Students from low-income backgrounds lack of support to commence university. For this reason, it has become a focus of the whole society that how to improve low-SES school students to access to higher education. There are two opposing views aim at solving the problem of enrolling impoverished university students. The first view is a drift towards that it should be the responsibility of the government to increase subsidization to ensure all SES students accessing to higher education. In addition, it is necessary that government should continue not only improving indexation of university funding but also aid financially more projects (Australia government 2013). At the same time, a second recommendation is that supporting disadvantaged students needs the joint efforts of parents, universities and the whole society....
June 10th, 2012
Equal Opportunity in Education
Equal opportunityeducation has come a long way since the founding of our country. Formal education in early America was reserved primarily for the males of elite, upper-class families. While great strides have been made in promoting educational equality for all Americans regardless of gender, race, religion, disability, or socioeconomic status; equity continues to be a work in progress for our country.
Education for women in early America came in the form of what was seen as necessary or appropriate. Early schools for women, known as Finishing Schools, focused on preparing women to be good and moral wives, and mothers with enough education to be the first teachers of their children. The availability for women to receive an education increased significantly in the 1800s. In 1833, Oberlin College became the first college to admit women; though the curriculum focused on promoting motherhood rather than an actual career. When women chose to have a career it was usually as teachers, nurses, or some type of caretaker. Educated women were needed to carry the country through the hard economic times of the early 20th century and the first and second World Wars. However, the G.I. Bill enacted in 1944 caused the enrollment of males to rise at the cost of female applicants (The...
...Equal Opportunity in Education
Grand Canyon University
November 14, 2010
Equal Opportunity in Education
The education system in the United States has not always looked the way it does today and it was not that long ago when children of different races or sex could even go to the same schools as each other. Yet through many strides done by educational activists the United States government continues to stand by its intention to try to free our schools of racial, sexual, religious and monetary discriminations. This is an ongoing struggle that will need to continue to be fought however to be sure no child is truly left behind or slips through the cracks.
The United States first monumental step toward taking discrimination out of the public education system was when the Supreme Court desegregated the country's public schools from the Brown v. Board of Education decision in 1954. For almost a century preceding this case, the United States Education system had been dominated by racial segregation. This was endorsed in 1896 by the Supreme Court case Plessy v. Ferguson, which stated that as long as separate facilities for separate races were "equal," then segregation didn’t violate the 14th Amendment (Lutz, 2005). During the Brown v. Board case the Supreme Court had to pay special attention to whether the 14th Amendment's Equal...
EDU – 215
October 21, 2012
Equal Opportunity in Education
Over the years many schools have low performance grades. This is how the Title 1 program came into the play. The Title 1 program was implemented so schools are able to get more money to help them get these low income students the help they need. We have a lot of students that are not performing on grade level. Many of them need extra help and their parents are not able to get it for them. Now we have a bigger problem when the school does not have the funds needed to help these children. Then these children fall farther and farther behind. A good benefit for this program is the funds support extra instruction in reading and math. It also gives us special preschool, after school, and summer programs. This is a good way to help students remember what they learned during the regular school year so they do not forget what they learned during the summer.
I would have to say that discipline, security, and race is affecting equal opportunities in education today. The way students are being disciplined in school is impacting education today. There are so many students being bullied and assaulted in schools that the students are being removed from the public school setting. Their parents do not feel comfortable letting them continue in public schools for fear they will get hurt. You never know if a child will bring a...