Identify at least two arguments in the article. Outline the premises and conclusions of each argument you find. Two premises in the article is that we overreacted when 9/11 happened and that we spent billions of dollars to prevent terrorism.
Then, answer the following questions for each argument, making sure to explain how you arrived at your answers.
· Do the premises sufficiently support the conclusions?·
In the first premise the author supports the conclusion by stating that we overreacted by hearing that Secretary of Defense Ronald Rumsfeld kept saying that over 5000 deaths happened on 9/11 when actually it was much less. That when 20,000 people died in an earthquake in India the American people did not panic or overreact. By overreacting we gave the terrorists success in the lives that was lost as well as in putting irrational fears in the American people. The second premise does not sufficiently support the conclusion. The author gave his opinion on the money that has been spent but does not clearly give facts to support his premise. He is mad about all the extra security that one may have to go through when going to the airport. That all these measures of protection still does not prevent terrorism.
Are the arguments either deductively valid or inductively strong, or are they invalid or weak?· In the first premise it is inductively strong as our instant panic did take America to a heighten level. The terrorists did what they set out to do and as Americans we played right into their hands giving them more than what they expected. The second argument is weak because the author cannot prove that the measures we have in place for terrorism are not working. While billions of dollars have been spent on American safety and it might be an inconvenience for our safety does not mean the measures in place are not working.
Are the premises true or plausibly true, or are they difficult to prove? The first premise is plausibly true as the author...
A salami attack is when small attacks add up to one major attack that can go undetected due to the nature of this type of cyber crime. It also known as salami slicing/penny shaving where the attacker uses an online database to seize the information of customers, that is bank/credit card details, deducting minuscule amounts from every account over a period of time. These amounts naturally add up to large sums of money that is unnoticeably taken from the collective accounts. Most people do not report the deduction, often letting it go because of the amount involved. This could be a fraction of a cent, so as to avoid suspicion from the unsuspecting customer states Raj B Lon sane.
The victims that take the fall for such acts are usually bank holders, and websites that store account information like PayPal. It can be quite scary to have amounts disappear in large portions at once, making it a onetime incident for the company. Raj B Lon sane states that the amount of money that is then lost cannot be replaced by the company, leading them to take on court battles without the money to replace what is lost. Therefore for an insider to do this on a regular basis, he/she deducts money slyly in small quantities without having the customer in question, take notice.
How to Avoid a Salami Attack
A company that protects personal account information of a customer has to be on the lookout for...
...introduced to the horrifying experience of a gas attack in World War I. Owen goes into excruciating detail on every effect of the gas, and describes almost everything about the physical state of the infected, dying man. Thousands of soldiers were exposed to gas in the war, and unfortunately, many of them died from the effects. The first attack that the Germans unleashed on the allies was devastating. Over 5000 soldiers were killed with many more incapacitated (Christianson 30). While the attack was detrimental to the strength in numbers of the group, the effect reduced the psychological strength of the group as well, striking terror into the hearts of the soldiers. Overall, Wilfred Owen was accurate in his depiction of a World War I gas attack on a group of soldiers.
From the very beginning of the poem, the soldiers are shown to be exhausted from the war. They are “Bent double, knock kneed, march[ing] asleep, [and] drunk with fatigue” (Owen 1). Clearly the reader can see the exhausted soldiers pushing on through the fields of mud and clay. All of a sudden, gas shells fall behind the men and the deathly green cloud slowly began to overtake the men. By the time the men realized what was happening, only some were able to apply their masks in time. From this point on, the description of the infected soldier begins. After the horrific description of the effects of the poison, the author tells the readers that if they had...
Fire Attack: Offensive vs. Defensive
Structural firefighting can be very dangerous and can put the lives of firefighters in situations were their decision can end up being very detrimental. History has proven when the wrong choices were made, and lives and properties were lost. From past structural events the choice of choosing the wrong attack could end up being in the papers and going to funerals for firefighters. That’s why choosing the correct fire tactic is so important. Offensive versus defensive tactics need to be made by competent personnel early and evaluated often, to ensure safety and structural stability is still intact. There are pros and cons for offensive and defensive attacks. That is why command will have to continue sizing–up the situation periodically throughout the emergency to ensure there are no progressions in the fire. Safety is the most important aspect of choosing between offensive or defensive attacks. What it all boils down to is, is an offensive attack better than a defensive attack or vise versa? The need for both attack methods is vital. There are times when one attack method is better than the other. Command or the first arriving engine has important decisions to make on which attack to do, hopefully they make the correct one for everybody’s safety and property.
...How to attack the Category Leader?
Attacking the leader is not easy ways. There have five categories to attack the leader such as Frontal Attack, Flank Attack, Encirclement Attack, Bypass Attack and Guerrilla Warfare. Among them we will present about the Frontal Attack which is directly attacking to the market leader.
What is the Market Leader?
The market leader is controlling in its industry. It has substantial market share and often comprehensive distribution arrangements with retailers. It typically is the industry leader in developing new business models and new products. It tends to be on the cutting edge of new technologies and new production processes.
What is the Market Challenger?
Market challenger is often the runner-up company that is fighting hard to increase its market share in an industry. The challenger in a hypothetical situation will control about 30 % share of the market. They can choose to attack the market leader, which comes with a much higher level of risk but potentially rewarding with the aim of taking over leadership in the marketplace. The fundamental principles involved are:
* Assess the strength of the target competitor. Consider the amount of support that the target might muster from allies.
* Choose only one target at a time.
* Find a weakness in the target’s position. Attack at this point. Consider...
...Punished by Acid
Several people from the third world become a victim of an acid attack. The victim’s life has changed tremendously, which is what the photographer shows with his world-known pictures. On Ebrahim Noroozi’s photoseries you see a mom named Somayeh and her daughter, Rana and what acid has done to their faces. Now they most stay by themselves and take care of themselves.
It is hard for me to understand some people will walk up to you to pour acid on you. Somayeh looked like an average citizen before she got attacked. That time she was living with her daughter and husband who told her she would not look like herself, if she got divorced. His threat was serious since he threw acid on her and her daughter’s body. Today both girls look inhuman to a normal looking person. Since 18 months ago when the acid attack happened, their life have been in danger, and they are still fighting. The victim’s skin look deeply burned, and if that is the case, they are very predisposed to diseases. It is easy to become sick when they live at a farm in a poor environment. Everything looks sad in the pictures, so you wonder if they have any hope left.
Somayeh socialized with people before the attack. Somayeh’s has changed tremendously from the picture before the attack till now and so has her daugher’s condition. Rana wears a glass eye, and she covers the other eye she is missing with her hat. Rana is holding hands...
iLab 1 – Week 1
Targeted Attack on a Network Device
Submitted to: Dr. Charles Pak
SE572 Network Security
Keller Graduate School of Management
Submitted: September 07, 2014
Table of Contents
Executive Summary 3
Summary of Results 3-4
Details on Attack 5
Name of the Attack 5
Attack Discovery and Resolution Sates 5
Synopsis of the Attack 5
Vulnerable Target(s) for theAttack and Likely Victims 6
Probable Motivation(s) of the Attack 6
Probable Creators of the Attack 7
Deployment, Propagation or Release Strategy of the Attack 7
Published Countermeasures against the Attack 7
Published Recovery Techniques used to return to Normal Operations after the Attack 8
Recommended Incident Reporting Measures 8
[Company] has been contracted to conduct a penetration test against [Organization] external web presence. The assessment was conducted in a manner that simulated a malicious actor engaged in a targeted attack against the company with the goals of:
Identifying if a remote attacker could penetrate [Organization] defenses.
Determining the impact of a security breach on:
The confidentiality of the organization’s customer information.
The assessment was conducted in accordance with the recommendations outlined in NIST...
...Privacy is the state of being free from intrusion in one’s personal life, or so it used to be. In Simson Garfinkel’s article “Privacy Under Attack” he discusses how technology has invaded people’s privacies over the years and continues to do so. From telephone systems and mail to car computers and surveillance cameras.
Simson discusses positive points that make perfect sense in his article, but he also assumes false points, does not back them up with strong evidence, and makes logical fallacies throughout the article.
The author makes a good point in his article by explaining that the violation of privacy due to technology is not something new. He backs that point up by evidence of two Boston lawyers at the Harvard Law Review who argued that privacy was under attack by inventions and also business methods in 1890.
He makes another good point when he says that by being careful and informed consumers, people can keep technology from killing their privacy. The reason this is a good point is because if people are well informed and pay good attention on what they agree on, then they can save their privacy and their identities from being stolen.
Among the many weak evidence that the author relies on is a story of a friend whose preapproved credit cards that he threw in the trash got stolen and used by the robber. He blames technology for this incident while technology is not the actual reason that this happened.
Garfinkel also says that a...
...AIS Attacks and Failures: Who to Blame
AIS Attacks and Failures: Who to Blame
Accounting information systems is a computer based database that stores, collects, and processes the financial data of the organization. The AIS system is then backed up by the organizations centralized database. When the AIS system is attacked by outside sources the responsibility falls to the organization if the proper controls are not in place but if the proper controls are in place the fault should fall on the shoulders of the criminal committing the attack or failures of the organization to put in place an effective accounting information system that is not prone to failure.
There are several different types of threats that can be posed to the accounting information systems of an organization and when ignored can create grave damage to the organization. One threat to the AIS of the organization is the threat of the unauthorized user. Organization needs to have strict controls on who has access to computers that relate to the information system of the organization t prevent loss or to prevent damage. Unauthorized users can also come in the form of hackers that find back doors into the company’s AIS in order to steal sensitive information or to wreak havoc with the information systems. It is essential in the new Information Age for the management is knowledgeable on the AIS and the...