Pearl Harbor changed the lives of Americans; decades later 9/11 affected a new generation of Americans. Comparing Pearl Harbor and 9/11, written by Fred L. Borch points out inaccuracies of the comparisons that numerous individuals have made between 9/11 and Pearl Harbor. The author gives a unique perspective that has partial inaccuracies under the topics; whether or not 9/11 was an intelligence failure, was American unprepared, and military responsibilities. The author uses various facts and statics to support his cause, some creditable, some not.
December 7, 1941 and September 11, 2001 are two of the darkest days in American History. The attack on Pearl Harbor began at 7:55 a.m. when 353 Japanese aircrafts dropped bombs on the U.S pacific fleets (Borch 846). With 2, 403 dead, 1,178 wounded, and eight battle ships sunk or damaged and 165 aircraft destroyed, the Japanese had succeeded on their attack. With their success the Japanese only lost a few ships and aircraft, and only 185 were killed or wounded. On December 16, 1941 the joint congressional committee declared that Admural E. Kimmel and Lieutenant general Walter c. short failed to prepare Americans at Pearl Harbor for the attack of the Japanese. On September 11, 2001 most of us were sitting in class while 19 members of Al Quida boarded four commercial airlines, intending to take over and crash all four planes into traditional American landscapes. The first plane to crash, crashed into the north tower of the world trade center. Shortly after a second plane crashed into the south tower of the world trade center. An hour later a third plane struck the pentagon, destroying a portion of the building (Borch 847). The fourth plane crashed into a ruel area of southeast Pittsburgh (Borch 847). By 12:00 p.m. there were 2,823 killed in Manhattan and 189 in Washington, D.C. Days after the attack the U.s government identified Osama bin laden and his Al Queda as responsible for the attacks. All 19 Al queda high jackers had entered the United States legally. They had student and tourist visas’. They tried to blend into American life; they took flying training at civilian pilot schools (Borch 847). This helped them pilot the planes after they killed commercial pilots. As we continue to blame bin laden for the attacks, he has never claimed responsibility for it, but has released video tapes praising the 9/11 high jackers. He has also threatened more attacks against America.
The author raises the question “was intelligence failure the reason for these attacks. He states that they knew a war with Japan was highly likely. This fact was backed up by a message received saying “this dispatch is to be considered a warning, negotiation with Japan….have ceased and an aggressive move by Japan is expected with the next few days.” Also after taking command Kimmel and Short were informed that if an attack occurred it would most likely be an air bombing attack. Borch states that if the Japanese diplomatic messages would have been decrypted, it would have shown there was going to be an attack occurring on December 7, 1941. He also says there was a lack of strategic intelligence. There was a 75 minute tactical warning, when the sinking of Ward, at the mouth of the harbor. Borch said could have made a difference, if Kimmel and Short would have acted upon that warning. Also at 7:02 a.m. radar detected a large number of aircraft approaching Oahu. Both of these warnings were missed. He says that Kimmel and his staff were still arguing about the significance of the wards attack, when the first bombs were dropped on Oahu. As for 9/11 they could have seen it coming because of the previous attacks of the world trade center in 1993, the bombing of the USS Cole in Yemen, in 2000, and other events. The federal Bureau of investigation and others knew there was going to be an attack on an U.S target. But says no information had been collected that could directly point to the Al Queda...
Similarities of PearlHarbor and 9/11
Two major events occurred in United States History, PearlHarbor in 1941 and 9/11 in 2001 the time frame between each event is sixty years, can it be said that there are similarities between PearlHarbor and 9/11? The answer would be yes! There are three distinct similarities between the two, first the number of people who died, secondly both attacks America did not see coming and finally what were the reactions to the aftermath of these events taking place. Events so powerful in history will unite a nation to come together and be strong.
On the morning of December 7, 1941, hundreds of Japanese bomber planes appeared in the skies and attacked the American naval base at PearlHarbor in Hawaii. This unforeseen attack lasted for two hours, and was extremely disturbing; during this attack the Japanese army was able to destroy almost twenty American naval vessels, which included eight huge battleships, and nearly two hundred airplanes. As a result of this devastating attack More than two thousand four hundred Americans soldiers and sailors lost their lives in the attack (http://history.com/topics/pearl-harbor) (Shultz, 2012). This attack was described by President Franklin D Roosevelt as ‘a date which will live in infamy’...
Attack on PearlHarborPearlHarbor was the first foreign attack on the United States territory and also the longest attack on the U.S. soil. The day after PearlHarbor Theodor Roosevelt gave his famous speech while asking Congress to declare war. Within his speech Theodor Roosevelt said “No matter how long it may take us to overcome this premeditated invasion, the American people in their righteous might will win through to absolute victory"11
Though PearlHarbor was a surprise the United States and government officials were aware of the attacks being planned by the Japanese. PearlHarbor had been a war in the making for a while as much as the United States was trying to avoid it. In 1973 the Japanese’s invaded China. “The United States refused to intervene when Japanese troops sacked the city of Nanjing, massacred 300,000 Chinese residents, and raped thousands of women.”2 The United States wanted to stay out and remain neutral that was until 1940 when General Hideki Tojo became the war minister of Japan. One of General Hideki Tojo’s first accomplishments as war minister was to get a treaty with Italy and Germany. After having the treaty in place he then sent to attack Indochina. The purpose of all 3 countries was to have ultimate power of 4 countries one of those being the United States of America. After the attack on...
.... Because American military leaders were not expecting an attack so close to home, the naval facilities at PearlHarbor were relatively undefended. Almost the entire Pacific Fleet was moored around Ford Island in the harbor, and hundreds of airplanes were squeezed onto adjacent airfields. To the Japanese, PearlHarbor was an irresistible target.
The Japanese plan was simple, Destroy the Pacific Fleet. That way, the Americans would not be able to fight back as Japan’s armed forces spread across the South Pacific. On December 7, after months of planning and practice, the Japanese launched their attack.
At about 8 a.m., Japanese planes filled the sky over PearlHarbor. Bombs and bullets rained onto the vessels moored below. At 8:10, a 1,800-pound bomb smashed through the deck of the battleship USS Arizona and landed in her forward ammunition magazine. The ship exploded and sank with more than 1,000 men trapped inside. Next, torpedoes pierced the shell of the battleship USS Oklahoma(Tsukiyama, 2006) . With 400 sailors aboard, the Oklahoma lost her balance, rolled onto her side and slipped underwater. By the time the attack was over, every battleship in PearlHarbor–USS Arizona, USS Oklahoma, USS California, USS West Virginia, USS Utah, USS Maryland, USS Pennsylvania, USS Tennessee and USS Nevada had sustained significant damage. In all, the Japanese...
November 11, 2008
History Paper 2
The attack on PearlHarbor was a surprise strike by the Japanese navy against the United States. As a result of this, the United States became involved in World War II. PearlHarbor was attacked on December 7, 1941, Sunday morning.
Before the attack, Americans ignored the war and continued sending the British ships and tanks while their enemies were making bombs. Americans had cut off the Japanese oil supply. They only had enough for eighteen months. This resulted in a massive sudden strike; the Japanese annihilated the Pacific fleet in a single attack at PearlHarbor. Over 2,400 Americans were killed and over 1,000 were wounded.
The Japanese plan was to send out radio messages for Americans to intercept. They wanted to make sure to mention Hawaii in all the clutter, to confuse them. So, by the time the Americans decoded the message it would be too late. The United States focused more on the Japanese missing ships, and where they went to. Some Americans in the government thought it had to do with an attack on PearlHarbor but others did not believe such thing would happened, and they were protected. All their ships were grouped together so they wouldn’t be spread out into the water, just as a precaution. The Japanese sent out one of their own over...
English 10 Pre-ap
11 May 2012
The attack of PearlHarbor left many Americans in pain and in shock on the day of December 7, 1941. Since the attack, Americans have advanced in new weapons that now have an overwhelming impact on war, leaving the Americans almost undeafeatable. The attack of PearlHarbor was important for Americans because it brought forth the atomic age, it caused the United States to be involved in World War II, and it gave the Americans determination.
When Americans were bombed they lost many friends and relatives that day. Don Van Der Vat, a very successful author of several works on modern warfare, states in his book PearlHarbor: The Day of Infamy, that a majority of the loses of the attack on PearlHarbor were on the American side (137). Also Susan Wels notes in her book December 7, 1941 PearlHarbor: America's Darkest Day, that the island's hospitals were packed with casualities, schools were turned into makeshift wards where the injured would be taken to (182). After suriviors of the attack saw their loved ones go through this, there wasn't anything stopping them from seeking revenge on Japan. On the day of the attack, no one knew what was coming and no one knew that it would change American history forever. The United States created the most powerful weapon known to...
A Date That Will Live In Infamy
March 15, 2010
1. Drug into WWII
1. “Air raid…”
D. Japanese forces
1. 30 ships
2. 6 carriers
3. 430 planes
A. Secret plans
a. Conquering China
a. Cut off by U.S.
a. centered around 6 aircraft carriers
b. 24 supporting vessels
a. communications drill
a. Nov. 26
2. Radar problems
a. Thought they were American
1. First ship struck
a. 129 men,
b. 29 planes
c. 5 submarines.
a. 161 planes and damaged 102.
b. 21 unnecessarily destroyed ships
1. 2,403 soldiers and 68 civilians.
...live our lives today. When we have conflicts on other countries soil it does not affect us as Americans as an attack on our own. The outcome is complete pandemonium and will change the mindset forever, thus the attack on PearlHarbor changed ours ceaselessly.
The attack on PearlHarbor will be known as one of the most devastating attacks on American Soil along with the Attack of September 11, 2001. We have fought numerous wars mostly abroad, but without a shadow of doubt the attack on PearlHarbor will never be forgotten, and changed the way the military operates to the current day. Myself being an U.S. Army Warrant Officer, it suits my personality to educate myself on historical warfare that influenced the way we as a military operate today. There is a lot of information and Historical facts about the attack on PearlHarbor, and it seems difficult to outline everything in 8-10 pages, but a general overview of how it affected life in the United States of America can be achieved.
PearlHarbor Naval Base, Hawaii, was attacked by Japanese torpedo and bomber planes on December 7, 1941, at 7:55 a.m. Pacific time. (U.S. History, 2009) It will always be known as “a date which will love in infamy”. (Davidson, 2008) The purpose of the attack on PearlHarbor was to neutralize American naval power within...
... to the appropriate role of the U.S. in this war. As one factor after another combined to make U.S. involvement more of a probability, one factor in particular would prove to be the final straw which would topple the decision making process from one of restraint to one of action. This factor was, of course, the Japanese bombing at PearlHarbor. PearlHarbor was attacked on the morning of December 7, 1941 and would prove to be Japan’s greatest mistake, a mistake for which the consequences would extend throughout the war and well into Japan’s post-war future. More immediately, however, it would serve to drop the restraint which the U.S. had maintained as the war had raged on in Europe for over two years. The U.S. would have entered WWII even if the Japanese did not attack PearlHarbor. The axis powers, Germany and Italy, were gaining to much power in Europe and then Japan decided that they were going to join with the axis powers, this was not settling well with the U.S.
World War II spanned a six year period between September 1, 1939 (the date of Germany’s invasion of Poland) and September 2, 1945 (the date of the Japanese surrender) (“PearlHarbor Raid, 7 December 1941—Overview and Special Image Selection.” 2). After the invasion of Poland, Germany quickly struck again crushing Denmark, Luxemburg, the Netherlands, Belgium, Norway, and France. In June 1940 Great...