1987 CONSTITUTION OF THE PHILIPPINES
(The Legal Bases)
- Right of all citizens to quality education at all levels.
-Complete, Adequate and Integrated system of Education.
-Free Public Elementary and Secondary Education.
-Scholarship grants, subsidies and other incentives.
-Non-formal, Informal and Indigenous Learning Systems
-General curricular provisions are stated.
-Inculcate Patriotism and Nationalism, foster love of humanity, respect for human rights, appreciation of the role of national heroes in the historical development of the country, broaden scientific and technological studies.
-optional religious instruction.
-Complementary roles of Public and Private Institutions.
-Ownership, Control and Administration of Educational Institutions.
-Regional and Sectoral Needs shall take into account.
-Budgetary Priority should assigned by the state to education.
-Academic Freedom shall be enjoyed in all institutions.
-National language shall be the medium of communication and instruction.
-National and Universal language are the official languages to be used.
-Spanish and Arabic shall be promoted on an optional basis.
-Filipino and English were promulgated and translated into major regional languages.
-National language commission established.
-Priority to research and development, invention, innovation and to science and technology education.
-provide for Incentives to encourage private participation in programs of basic and applied scientific research.
-Adaptation of technology from all sources for the national benefit.
-Exclusive rights of scientists, inventors, artists and other gifted citizens to their intellectual property creation.
-Preservation, enrichment and dynamic evolution of a Filipino culture.
-Arts and letters...
...Improved quality of education in the Philippine schools
We know that Philippines country is rich in agriculture and economics. But don't you know that Philippines are one of the top that is great in terms of education. And I can prove that in simply observing the status of my country and surveys in the rank of schools. Literacy rate in the Philippines has improved a lot over the last few years- from 72 percent in 1960 to 94 percent in 1990. This is attributed to the increase in both the number of schools built and the level of enrollment in these schools. The number of schools grew rapidly in all three levels - elementary, secondary, and tertiary. From the mid-1960s up to the early 1990, there was an increase of 58 percent in the elementary schools and 362 percent in the tertiary schools. For the same period, enrollment in all three levels also rose by 120 percent. More than 90 percent of the elementary schools and 60 percent of the secondary schools are publicly owned. However, only 28 percent of the tertiary schools are publicly owned. A big percentage of tertiary-level students enroll in and finish commerce and business management courses. Table 1 shows the distribution of courses taken, based on School Year 1990-1991. Note that the difference between the number of enrollees in the commerce and business courses and in the engineering and technology courses may be small -...
EDUCATION, SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, ARTS, CULTURE AND SPORTS
Section 1. The State shall protect and promote the right of all citizens to qualityeducation at all levels, and shall take appropriate steps to make such education accessible to all.
Section 2. The State shall:
(1) Establish, maintain, and support a complete, adequate, and integrated system of education relevant to the needs of the people and society;
(2) Establish and maintain a system of free public education in the elementary and high school levels. Without limiting the natural right of parents to rear their children, elementary education is compulsory for all children of school age;
(3) Establish and maintain a system of scholarship grants, student loan programs, subsidies, and other incentives which shall be available to deserving students in both public and private schools, especially to the underprivileged;
(4) Encourage non-formal, informal, and indigenous learning systems, as well as self-learning, independent, and out-of-school study programs particularly those that respond to community needs; and
(5) Provide adult citizens, the disabled, and out-of-school youth with training in civics, vocational efficiency, and other skills.
Section 6. The national language of the Philippines is Filipino. As it evolves, it...
...The Constitution of the Philippines (Filipino: Saligang Batas ng Pilipinas) is the supreme law of thePhilippines. The Constitution currently in effect was enacted in 1987, during the administration ofPresident Corazon Aquino, and is popularly known as the "1987Constitution". Philippine constitutional law experts recognize three other previous constitutions as having effectively governed the country — the 1935 Commonwealth Constitution, the 1973 Constitution, and the 1986 Freedom Constitution.Constitutions for the Philippines were also drafted and adopted during the short-lived governments of Presidents Emilio Aguinaldo (1898) and José P. Laurel 1943).
(Constitution of Biak-na-Bato (1897)
| Wikisource has original text related to this article:Provisional Constitution of the Philippines (1897) |
The Katipunan revolution led to the Tejeros Convention where, at San Francisco de Malabon,Cavite, on March 22, 1897, the first presidential and vice presidential elections in Philippine history were held—although only the Katipuneros (members of the Katipunan) were able to take part, and not the general populace. A later meeting of the revolutionary government established there, held on November 1, 1897 at Biak-na-Bato in the town...
...Education in the Philippines
The system of education in the Philippines was patterned both from the educational systems of Spain and the United States. However, after the liberation of the Philippines in 1946, the systems have changed radically.
The Department of Education (or DepEd) administers the whole educational system, which also includes the allocation of funds utilized for school services and equipment (such as books, school chairs, etc.), recruitment of teachers for all public schools in the Philippines, and the supervision and organization of the school curricula.
The former education system of the Philippines is composed of 6 years of elementary education starting at the age of 6 or 7, and 4 years of high school education starting at the age of 12 or 13. In this system, education is not compulsory.
However, since June 4, 2012, DepEd started to implement the new K-12 educational system, which includes the new curricula for all schools (see the section). In this system, education is now compulsory.
All public and private schools in the Philippines must start classes from a date mandated by the Department of Education (usually every first Monday of June for public schools only), and must end after each school completes the mandated 200-day school...
What is good qualityeducation? What is the use of this to our daily lives? What will the effects be on our future? These are but just a few questions that run through our mind when we think of what education is. Education, for many, is the forefront in building our future; it gives us the power of knowledge that helps us cope up with the different steps in our lives. Some think of it as a mere process to gain access to monetary security and better life, but this is not mere education should be. “It is one of the most powerful instruments for reducing poverty and inequality and lays a foundation for sustained economic growth.” (2008)
In my own words, education is merely a step to make us grow in all aspects of life, but useless without the proper guidance provided by the teachers and administrators and the given teaching aids used today. Good Qualityeducation is a given name to those that have the complete or necessary requirements in having a good atmosphere for learning and proper growth. Schools should have the goal to achieve this good qualityeducation and garner more merits and more students. They should teach them by teaching them sing the new and effective methods rather than what we see in the old days.
Education is not necessarily good at first, it takes years of service and...
During the pre-colonial period, education was still decentralized. Children were provided with more vocational training but fewer academics. Philippine schools were headed by parents or by their tribal tutors. They employed a unique writing system known as baybayin.
When the Spanish first arrived in Manila, they were surprised to find a population with a literacy rate higher than that of Madrid.
During the early Spanish period, most education was conducted by religious orders.
The church and the school both worked together. All Christian villages had schools for students to attend.
Spanish missionaries established schools immediately after reaching the islands.
There was a separate school for boys and girls. The wealthy Filipinos or the Ilustrados were accommodated in the school.
The Educational Decree of 1863 created a free public education system in the Philippines, run by the government. It was the first such education system in Asia.
The Malolos Republic: Also called The First Philippine Republic
Because of the destruction of many schools and to the peace and order condition, all the schools were closed for the time being.
Aguinaldo decreed that all diplomas awarded by UST after 1898 be considered null and void
Article 23 of the Malolos Constitution mandated that public...
...1998 PESS and 1998 PCER.
The three innovations to the Philippineeducation system had these common objectives:
* To introduce curricular reform curricular reforms in the school organization
* To investigate the modes of delivery, policy structures, and pedagogical philosophies and recommend enrichment thereof
* To align education’s modalities to the needs of the times
2. What are the common findings and recommendations of the three studies conducted in relation to the Philippineeducation system?
A. Common Findings
i. High dropout rates especially in rural areas
ii. Mastery of students in important competencies as shown in achievement levels
iii. High levels of simple literacy among 15-24 year-olds and 15+ year-olds
iv. Highest repetition rate in Grade I
v. Children were generally handicapped by serious deficiencies in their personal constitution and in the skills they needed to successfully go through the absorption of learning
i. Tri-focalization in the management of supervision of basic education, technical-vocational education, and tertiary education
ii. Ensure adequate financing and improve the quality of basic education
iii. Slow and reverse the haphazard expansion of low-quality tertiary education
iv. Provide equitable...
...1. Constitution of the Philippines(1973)
2. 1973 Constitution of the Philippines The Constitution of the Philippines ( Saligang Batas ng Pilipinas in Filipino) is the supreme law of the Philippines. The 1973 Constitution, composed of a preamble and 17 articles, provides for the shift from presidential to parliamentary system of government. The Constitution vests the legislative power in the National Assembly. A Prime Minister is elected from among the members of the National Assembly and serves as the head of government and commander-in-chief of the Philippine Armed Forces. A President is elected from among the members of the National Assembly and serves as the symbolic head of state with a six-year term. The judicial power is vested in the Supreme Court, composed of a Chief Justice and 14 Justices. The National Assembly exercises the power to define, prescribe and apportion the jurisdiction of the lower courts. All justices of the Supreme Court and judges of the lower courts are appointed by the Prime Minister.
3. This Constitution retains the independence of the Commission on Elections and establishes two independent Constitution al bodies [Civil Service Commission and the Commission on Audit] as well as the National Economic Development Authority [NEDA]. On 24 August 1970, Congress enacted RA No....