Unit 4: Industrialization of the United States
(1865 – 1914)
• During the late 19th and early 20th century the
US continues to build industry while it also
continues its expansion westward.
e d in
Ch. 9 Quick Review
• What factors encouraged Industrial Growth in
the late 1800s?
• What role did the government have during the
rise of Big Business? Why?
• Why did labor unions begin to develop?
Ch. 10 Immigration and Urbanization
Industrial Growth in the United States creates job
opportunities, prompting many Europeans to move to the
cities of the United States in search of a better life.
S1: The New Immigrants
• Foreign-born population of the US nearly
doubled between 1870 – 1900
– The majority are coming from Europe
• Effect: Immigrants adopt parts of American
culture, and Americans adopt parts of
– Nickname for the US = Melting Pot
• In what ways is the United States like a giant
Why did immigrants come to the US?
• Push Factors
– Economic Difficulties, Wars and Political
Revolutions, and Religious Persecution
• Pull Factors
– Available Land and Employment, Economic
Opportunity, Religious and Political Freedom
* Despite opposition from those who looked down
on them, immigrants fueled industrial growth,
became citizens, and made their traditions a part
of American culture.
S2: Cities Expand and Change
• In the late 19th century, America experienced
– Many people left rural areas to live in the city and
to City L
Technology Improves City Life
– Electric Cable Cars and Subways improve
– Skyscrapers allow for more office space.
Problems of Urban Living
Overcrowding in Poorer Neighborhoods
Poor Housing Conditions
Dirty Cities = Health Concerns
Greater Risk of Fires and Crime
this pic rong with
• If you had lived during the late 1800s, do you
think you would have remained in rural Bertie
County, or would you have migrated to a
S3: Social and Cultural Trends
• The middle-class lifestyle (shopping, sports,
popular magazines and newspapers) helped to
develop a more commonly shared American
– Mass Culture: Americans across the country are
seeking to buy the same things, like shared
New Forms of Popular Entertainment in the
• Amusement Park
– 1st Roller Coaster in NY City
• Wild West Show Tours America
• Movie Theatres
• Spectator Sports
– Baseball, Horse Racing, Bicycle
Racing, Boxing, Football
• Why do you think these new forms of
entertainment (movie theatres, amusement
parks, baseball) developed after industrial
growth caused many to migrate to the cities?
Ch. 10 Immigration and Urbanization Quick
• What was the motivation for ‘New
Immigrants’ to come to the US in the late 19th
• What is urbanization and why did it take place
during this time?
• What kind of cultural changes took place in
the late 1800s and early 1900s?
...team work together to create sales and increase customer satisfaction, it may behoove you to consider team-based incentive plans” (Ray, 2013). However it also needs to depend on how well the EI program is adopted in the business and how the business makes effort to implement the programs within the organization, in order to reach a successful performance. Employee involvement programs allow employees to be involved in decision-making process. It increases employee’s interests to the business and helps them to gain greater satisfaction therefore it helps business to reduce labour turnover.
Bohlander, G., & Snell, S. (2013). Managing human resources (16th Ed.). Mason, OH:
Ray, L. (2013, August 10). The Advantages of Team-Based Incentive Pay Plans. Retrieved
...1. The earth consists of iron, oxygen, silicon and magnesium. This makes up about 90% of the earth’s elements. Jupiter and Saturn on the other hand consist mostly of volatile gases like water, methane and ammonia. These two planets retained their volatiles due to their greater gravitational force.
2. Scientist believe that the collision of earth with a smaller body caused the earth to tilt on it axis at 23 degrees. The blasting debris is said to have formed the moon. The period from the accretion of the earth to the formation of the oldest existing rocks can be retraced to the stratification or differentiation of the earth.
3. The newest model states that the earth’s outer core to be a very active and move in circulation. This is called plate tectonics.
4. The origin of earth’s magnetic field is a result of molten metal in the outer core that circulates around the inner core like a giant dynamo. Magnetism of the lithosphere supports the model of plate tectonics through the development of new oceanic crust that formed volcanism at the ridge crest in the prevailing polarity. This new crust was split apart and then moved in opposite directions. This explains new lithosphere at mid oceanic plate margins.
5. Gravity variations are present due to the rotation of the earth, topography and variations in density of near surface rocks. Isostatic equilibrium is based on the basis of isostasy which states that crustal masses establish a state of dynamic...
February 12, 2011
Chapter17 review questions
1. How did the enlightenment change basic Western attitudes toward the reform, faith, and reason? First it changed faith because it allowed people to worship anyway they please. The enlightenment set the stage for most of the ideas that are among us today. It also had the thinkers to attempt to discover the ration behind European government. What were the major formative influences on the philosophers? They had a strong need for administration and economic reform after the war. Copernicus to Newton they persuaded philosophers and many writers that thought inherited from both ancient and medieval christen worlds were wrong and need to be challenged. Newton encouraged philosophers to study nature directly and avoid metaphysics and supernaturalism. How important were Voltaire and the encyclopedia in the success of the enlightenment? It was important because he believed that all men should be able to have knowledge of everything and he must be able to have access to it.
2. Why did the philosophers consider organized religion to be there greatest enemy? The churches took tithes and owned a large bit of the land all the presents were forced to tithe (give money) and it showed that they were forced through their own will. What were the basic tenets of deism? Writes believed that nature was rational, so they thought of a god that created nature must...
...APES Ch 7 and 17 Study Guide
Water Resources and Pollution
Chapter 7 Water Resources Vocabulary
Chapter17 Water Pollution Vocabulary
Point source pollution
Nonpoint source pollution
DO and BOD
Organic and inorganic chemicals
Fecal coliform test
Total Maximum Daily Load (TMDL)
Nat’l Pollution Discharge Elimination Sys (NPDES)
Raw sewage, raw sludge, activated sludge
Flocculation and Floc
Practice Questions (Ch 7 Q 1-7 and Ch 17 Q 8-15)
1. Return to Chapter2 page 30 and review Table 2-1. Write down six of the major aquatic ecosystems and the major environmental parameters of each.
2. What are the lessons to be learned from the Aral Sea story?
3. Describe the hydrologic cycle, including each of its three loops (evaporation, surface runoff and groundwater loops)?
4. What is the water quality (purity) at different points in the cycle. Describe tow natural...
Chapter17 - The Age of Absolutism. (1550-1800).
(1) Extending Spanish Power. (2) France Under Louis XIV. (3) Triumph of Parliament in England. (4) Rise of Austria and Prussia. (5) Absolute Monarchy in Russia.
(1) Extending Spanish Power.
Setting the Scene. 1500s-1700s. Monarchs get powerful.
Build royal army to replace nobles’ army. Take new lands and expand government. Lay foundation for nations of Europe today.
Serious-minded King Philip II of Spain was member of Hapsburg dynasty.
The Hapsburg Empire First Hapsburgs were dukes of Austria. Got in carefully arranged marriages.
Charles V (1500-58). King of Spain (age 16).
Holy Roman Emperor (age 19).
Founder of Hapsburg dynasty. Charles was son of Joanna, Infanta, daughter of Ferdinand and Isabella, and Philip the Handsome who chipped in Austria and the Netherlands. Charles is a devout Catholic. Tries to force German princes to respect pope. Charles accepts Peace of Augsburg (1555). Princes chose Catholic/Lutheran. Charles battles France for Italy, Burgundy, Flanders. Charles battles Ottoman Turks for Austria. 1556. Charles retires to monastery. Leaves Austria to brother Ferdinand (Holy Roman Emperor), and rest of empire to son Philip
Philip II (1527-1598). King of Spain (age 29).
Philip is an absolute monarch or ruler with total authority over government and lives of its people. Untrusting. Religious. He sees his mission in life to fight heretics and restore unity of...
Ch 17 Big Picture and Margins Questions
1. In what ways did the ideas of the Enlightenment contribute to Atlantic Revolutions?
Human political and social arrangements could be engineered and improved by human action.
Liberty, equality, free trade, religious tolerance, republicanism, rationality, popular sovereignty, natural rights, consent of the goverened and social contracts provided the underpinnings of the revolutions.
2. What was revolutionary about the American Revolution?
Marked a decisive political change
Sought to preserve the existing liberties of the colonies
3. How did the French Revolution differ from the American Revolution?
French insurrection was driven by conflict within French society
F.R. was more violent
F.R. started from scratch recreating a new society with a new calendar, administrative system and street names
4. What was distinctive about the Haitian revolution and in comparison of the Atlantic Revolutions?
Completely successful slave revolt
5. How were the Spanish revolutions shaped by the American, French and Haitian?
Napoleon conquered and deposed monarchs of Spain and Portugal forcing colonies to take action.
Violence from French and Haitian revolutions was a lesson for Latin America
6. What accounts for the end of Atlantic slavery during the 19th century?
Enlightenment thinkers were becoming increasingly critical of slavery (Voltaire).
Christians pushed for...
...With the development of the society, urbanization has become an international trend in which more and more people seek better opportunities in the cities. Currently, urbanization produces benefits such as economic progress, as well as better employment and business opportunities. However, it also brings social problems to the society which often leads to inequality in the access of resources and amenities. The term, “urbanization” can be defined as the expansion of cities or towns in country areas alongside the immigration of rural dwellers into urban areas. Furthermore, “equality” means a fair and impartial society where everyone is treated based on the same standard. Therefore, this essay will argue that urbanization does not lead to an equitable society. Firstly, housing problem caused by urbanization. Secondly, urbanization process leads to inequality of life quality.
Urbanization leads to the housing problem of inequality. In addition, not everyone can have a place to live. Firstly, urbanization process increases the population density in the cities, which leads to high demand on houses, but the land of housing is limited. According to Buhuag & Urdal (2013, p.2), urbanization stimulates more and more people to leave the rural areas and go to big cities to find jobs, and there is not much outflow of population from...
Results of the quiz.
1. Find the area of ΔABC. The figure is not drawn to scale.
* CORRECT: 23.14 cm2
2. Find the area of a parallelogram with vertices at P(–8, –3), Q (–7, 3), R(–9, 3), and S(–10, –3).
* CORRECT: 12 square units
3. A slide that is inches by inches is projected onto a screen that is 3 feet by 7 feet, filling the screen. What will be the ratio of the area of the slide to its image on the screen?
* CORRECT: 1 : 12,544
4. Find the area of the triangle with ∠A = 86, b = 4 ft, and c = 3 ft. Round your answer to two decimal places.
* CORRECT: 5.99 ft2
5. Find the area of kite ABCD if BD = 48 cm, AB = 25 cm, and BC = 26. The kite is not drawn to scale.
* CORRECT: 408 cm2
6. The diagram shows a field. Find the cost of fertilizing the field at $0.50 per square yard.
* CORRECT: $3360.95
7. Find the area of a regular octagon with perimeter 48 cm.
* CORRECT: 173.8 cm2
8. Find the area of the circle. Use π = 3.14.
* CORRECT: 7.07 m2
9. Find the area of a regular hexagon with an apothem 17.3 miles long and a side 20 miles long.
* CORRECT: 1038 mi2
10. A circle with a diameter of 2 inches and a square with 2-inch sides have the same center. Find the area of the region that is inside the square and outside the circle. Use 3.14 for π.
* CORRECT: 0.9 in.2...