Study Guide for Quiz 2 – Women in Islam
Part I Be prepared to answer the short answer questions below. Two of them will be on the quiz. (10 points) 1. Name six facts about the life of Mohammad, including where he lived and approximately when. What women were in his life? (Study Guide 18) 1. Born in Mecca in the year 570.
2. Was an orphaned by the age 3 and raise by his uncle
3. Became a business man
4. Met a successful wealthy widow named Khadija and marries her. 5. When Mohammad was 40 years old in year 610 he had his first revelation of G-d. 6. After the death of Khadija he made two marriages that were mainly for political reasons, the first is Sawdah and Aisha.
2. What are the five pillars of Islam? (Study Guide 19)
1. Witness – accepting Mohammad as G-d’s messenger and that there is no G-d but Allah. 2. Prayer- pray five times a day, Friday is a day of communal prayer. 3. “Alma” – give charity, obligatory for those who are able to give 2.5% of one’s wealth to the poor. 4. Fasting- during the month of Ramadan.
5. Pilgrimage to Mecca at least ones in a lifetime, obligatory for those who are able to economically and physically.
3. Contrast the view of Adam and Eve in the Qur’an with comments on them in later Muslim writing and thinking such as exegesis and legend. (See Study Guide 20, based on Kvam, pp. 185-203.) In the Qur'an the creation story never describes Eve as being created secondary to Adam, it also does not assign culpability for the story with the apple to the first woman. Also, the name Eve is never even mentioned in the Qur’an, she is called the first woman. In later Muslim texts on the other hand, there is much blaming of Eve, also Eve is describe to being created second out of Adam's rib. Also some interpretations say Eve convinced Adam to eat the apple using her beauty, wine, etc. Some say not only Eve was made out of Adam's rib, but she made out of his crooked rib.
4. Explain the word “nafs” as it occurs in Surah 4, verse 1, the Qur’an’s discussion of the creation of humankind. (See Study Guide 21, based on Barlas, pp. 133-35; Wadud, pp. 16-20.) The word "nafs" in the Qur'an refers to a 'person' as it says that the Rabb or Allah created humans including women and men from a single 'nafs' or a single person. Although Nafs refers to both male and female, it is a grammatically feminine word. Nafs can also be translated as a breath which will then mean that Allah created both male and female in the same breath. In the Hebrew Bible the word 'nefesh' is used, which means soul or spirit. In the Bible the word nefesh is used to refer to people, nefesh is a single person and nefashot is plural. Nefesh is also a grammatically feminine word. Hebrew and Arabic are very similar and in this case both words nefesh and nafs even have the same root so I believe the word nafs can also be translated as a spirit or a soul which in this case also means a person.
5. How do feminist Muslim scholars interpret Surah 4:34 of the Qur’an? (See Study Guide 21, based on Barlas, p. 187-89.)
“As to those women on whose part you fear disloyalty and ill-conduct, admonish them (first), (next) refuse to share their beds, (and last) beat them (lightly).” The word 'daraba' is found in the Qur'an and translated to 'beat' which is used as an excuse my Muslims to beat their wives in some cultures. While 'daraba' means beat, 'darraba' means strike repeatedly or intensely which hints that 'daraba' with one r means beat lightly and it is said to be allowed only after reconciliation and separation both fail. Some feminists though argue that instead of encouraging the beating of wives, the word daraba should be understood as the prohibition of violence against female. Some say that 'daraba' also means 'to prevent' and it is used to prevent such practiced not to give permission and to prevent women from leaving the house.
6. What guidelines do Muslims use when making decisions in...
...“Harlem” by Langston Hughes
What happens to a dream deferred?
Does it dry up
like a raisin in the sun?
Or fester like a sore —
And then run?
Does it stink like rotten meat?
Or crust and sugar over —
like a syrupy sweet?
Maybe it just sags
like a heavy load.
Or does it explode? (Meyer, 2012, p. 576).
figures of speech,
and my final thoughts on each poem.
......."Harlem" is a lyric poem with irregular rhyme and an irregular metrical pattern that sums up the white oppression of blacks in America. It first appeared in 1951 in a collection of Hughes's poetry, Montage of a Dream Deferred (Cummings, 2007).
Frustration (Cummings, 2007).
.......In 1951—the year of the poem's publication—frustration characterized the mood of American blacks. The Civil War in the previous century had liberated them from slavery, and federal laws had granted them the right to vote, the right to own property, and so on. However, continuing prejudice against blacks, as well as laws passed since the Civil War, relegated them to second-class citizenship (Cummings, 2007). Consequently, blacks had to attend poorly equipped segregated schools and settle for menial jobs as porters, ditch-diggers, servants, shoeshine boys, and so on. In many states, blacks could not use the same public facilities as whites, including restrooms, restaurants, theaters, and parks. Access to other facilities,...
Physics has a lot of topics to cover. In the previous experiments, we discussed Forces, Kinematics, and Motions. In this experiment, the focus is all about Friction. Friction is the force resisting the relative motion of solid surfaces, fluid layers, and material elements sliding against each other. There are several types of friction like fluid friction which describes the friction between layers of a viscous fluid that are moving relative to each other; dry friction which resists relative lateral motion of two solid surfaces in contact and is subdivided into static friction between non-moving surfaces, and kinetic friction between moving surfaces; lubricated friction which is a case of fluid friction where a fluid separates two solid surfaces; skin friction which is a component of drag, the force resisting the motion of a fluid across the surface of a body; internal friction is the force resisting motion between the elements making up a solid material while it undergoes deformation and sliding friction.
When surfaces in contact move relative to each other, the friction between the two surfaces converts kinetic energy into heat. This property can have dramatic consequences, as illustrated by the use of friction created by rubbing pieces of wood together to start a fire. Kinetic energy is converted to heat whenever motion with friction occurs, for example when a viscous fluid is stirred. Another important consequence of many types of friction can be wear,...
The case between Beauty and Stylish involves concept of a valid contract, pre-contractual statements, express term and misrepresentation.
A valid contract is established between Beauty and Stylish when an offer is accepted and there is intention for both parties to create legal relations. An offer refers to the expression of willingness of the offerer to be contractually bound by an agreement if his or her offer is properly accepted. It has to be clear and certain in terms. It must also be communicated to the offeree before it is being accepted. In addition, the acceptance has to be unqualified, unconditional and made by a positive act. In the case of Beauty and Stylish, a positive act refers to the signing of the contract. All terms of the offer must be accepted without any changes and cannot be subjected to any condition, taking effect only upon fulfillment of that condition. When Beauty and Stylish enter into the agreement, they must intend to bind and bound legally to each other by their agreement. This is the intention to create legal relations between two parties. In the meanwhile, this contract must possess consideration. A contract must therefore be a two-sided affair, with each side providing or promising to provide something of value in exchange for what the other is to provide.
Every contract, whether oral or written, contain terms. The terms of a contract set out the rights and duties of the parties. Terms are the promises and undertakings given by each...
Math is a subject that involves the science of numbers and their operations, interrelations, combinations, generalizations, abstractions and of space configurations and their structure, measurement, transformations, and generalizations (Merriam- Webster, 2013). Depending on the person, math can be an easy or challenging subject to conquer. Not everyone can solve math problems with little to no effort involved. Students are often given exams to test their knowledge of the subject. In Professor Hoffman’s Pre-Calculus class, we were given a test that covered sections 1.1-1.5 in our text book. There were a total of two parts to this test. Part one was the “no calculator test” and part two was the “calculator test”. On the “calculator test” I answered question number ten incorrectly. In this essay I will demonstrate how I corrected number ten so I can better understand what went wrong. I will also explain what went wrong during my thinking process during the test and how I came up with my solution.
To help better understand the question we must look at what the problem is telling us. Number ten states the following: Given f(x) = 2x2 – 5 and g(x) = 4 – x, find A. (f o g)(x) and B. (g o f)(x). In other words, letter A. is asking: solve for x when you plug g(x) in place of f(x) and letter B. is asking: solve for x when you plug f(x) in place of g(x). First, lets’ look at letter A., and how we can set the problem up....
...Power kites have been around for over 30 years, and in that time the sport of power kiting has progressed unbelievably, from the early forms of two line traction kites to the immense power of a 20 square metre surf power kite. We have watched the sport evolve and with it we have brought into our Power Kite shop and Power Kite School the top manufacturers to give the highest quality and best designed power kites in the world. There is no other sport which gives you such an adrenaline rush. Remember the wind is always free!
Our Extreme Sports Centre gives you the opportunity to come and experience the world of kiting, from two line stunt kites to the highest levels of power kiting. Our centre has all the facilities to make your day complete, from browsing the store, refreshments, equipment hire to just lazing round watching everyone else. We have now moved to our new home on a disused airfield covering over fifty acres of fields which lie between the old runways.
On the small field we encourage static kites, for example small two line kites for beginners or stunt flying. The medium sized field is good for beginners and intermediate kite practice and learning driving skills. We use the large field for advanced jumping or race practice. Be careful on the concrete runway – you will need armour protected clothing as speeds will be much faster than over grass and the surface is very hard if you crash!
Before you use a kite to ride, you need to learn to fly it. A two line kite...
...of this new emphasis for the way we plan
our forces. This is the heart of today’s defence-policy challenge. To understand
these questions, we need to ensure we understand Australia’s motivations. In
this chapter therefore, I want to contribute to our current debates by looking
back; first at how and why we came to adopt the ‘defence of Australia’ policies
in the 1970s and 1980s, then at the changes in our strategic environment in the
1990s, and finally at the way our strategic policy has evolved in response. All
these issues have been quite seriously misunderstood in much of our recent
defence debate. Getting them straight will help us to understand the strengths
History as Policy
and weaknesses of today’s policy, and hence to grasp more clearly where it
should go from here.
The ‘Defence of Australia’ Revolution
It may help to start with a definition. By ‘defence of Australia’ I mean the idea
that the principal function of the ADF, and the core basis for choosing its
capabilities, is the defence of the Australian continent from direct military attack,
and in particular the ability to do so against any credible level of attack without
relying on the combat forces of our allies—the self-reliant ‘defence of Australia’.
This idea began to evolve at the time of the SDSC’s foundation in the mid to late
1960s, and was further developed during the 1970s and 1980s, finding its most
complete expressions in the policies of...
By Adonis Chigeza
Understanding and Fluency Tasks
1. y = 1.2𝑥 + 2.57
2. Interpolation: y = -3.43
Extrapolation: y = -8.23
a) The equation for the path of the ball is h = -0.1t^2 + 0.9t + 1 (h = height, t = time)
b) The vertical height of the ball after 2. seconds2.664m
c) The maximum height reached by the ball is 3.025m
d) The time of with the ball is at maximum height of 3.025 is 4.5 seconds
e) The total time in which the ball was in the air is 10 seconds
f) The two times in which the ball was 1 metre above ground is 0 and 9
Adonis Chigeza 10C
Problem Solving and Reasoning Task
Equation: y = -1.2𝒙2 + 8.4𝒙
a. The bridge is 7 metres wides so therefore it will successfully span the river with 2
metres to spare.
b. If a yacht has a 15 metre mask it will be unable to pass safely under the bridge
because the bridge only has a vertical height 14.7 metres.
Adonis Chigeza 10C
2. Equation: v= -0.2h2 + 2.4h
a. The horizontal distance covered by the rocket when it reached its maximum
height of 7.2 metres was 6 metres.
b. The maximum height reached by the rocket was 7.2 metres.
c. At the horizontal distance of 9 metres from the launch site, there is a 5.2 metre
wall and at that vertical distance, the rocket has a vertical distance 5.4 metre.
That is not taking to account the dimensions of the rocket, however the rocket
...Nicolas, Fatima May D.
My Math Experience
When I was younger math was my favorite subject, it was something that I felt very confident
with. Unlike english, history, and literature, where I had to exert extra effort, math was the only
subject that really came naturally to me. I remember when I was a kid my dad would test me on math questions, usually about lines and figures. What kind of line intersects, what are parallel
lines? I was probably about 7 years of age, and it really impressed family friends when the
answer was correct.
In school, I always did well in math especially basic math, it was simple and it was easy.
Back then, I still have the capacity to help out other students and I was always helping out
friends with their assignments. I always got high grades on tests and I was usually done first
when it came to exams. It was really up until I started high school. Then, algebra happened, since
we didn’t have any lessons given regarding algebra (even the most basic ones) during elementary
I didn’t understand a word the teacher was saying, it was like I was reading a different language.
It was hard at first because I for one like solving problems with numbers but when it started
involving letters I knew I had to work harder because it would be different than what we have ...