7 Problems with Higher Education in India
Razib Ahmed August 16, 2006
Know More: India 2.0, India
One of the key factors behind Indian success in outsourcing is the fact that India could produce thousands of graduates who are skilled in English language. Indian universities are often thought of to be among the best in the world and it is a reality that many Indians are working in the major international companies around the world. However, all is not well with the Indian education sector. I just read an excellent article of Kaushik Basu, Professor of economics, Cornell University in BBC News. ' India's faltering education system'- this is the title of this article. I would strongly recommend you to read this article. Here, Professor Basu has stated some of the problems faced by Indian education system. Based on this article and some research done by me, I am discussing some of the major problems of higher education in India. 1. Quality vs quantity: In terms of quantity, India is quite impressive. Every year, India is producing 2.5 million graduates and this figure is just after US and China. However, in terms of quality India is falling behind than the developed world. In fact, many of the graduates cannot find job as they are not up to the mark.
2. Research: This is one area; Indian universities are still far behind than US universities. In fact, many of meritorious scholars from India go to US in the hope of having good research facilities.
3. Poor salary: Teaching is an ill paid job in India. As a result, many brilliant students are not coming to teaching. Some Indian teachers and scholars are migrating to the western countries for better facilities.
4. Study Science: These days most students in India want to study engineering and business. As a result, good students are not interested to study in Humanities subjects.
5. Poor funding: India is not a rich country and naturally Indian government cannot afford to provide a lot of money for the...
...education. These institutions, with the exception of some notable ones, have however, not been able to maintain the high standards of education or keep pace with developments, especially in the fields of knowledge and technology.
Over time, financial constraints with exploding enrolments, and a very high demand from primary and secondary education has led to the deterioration in the financial support provided by the Government. On top of this, an overall structure of myriad controls with a rigid bureaucracy has stifled its development. However, on the science and technology side, India has built up the largest stock of scientists, engineers and technicians.
Since 1950-51, when there were only 2,63,000 students in all disciplines in 750 colleges affiliated to 30 universities, the growth of highereducation in India has been phenomenal. Today, there are more than 11 million students in 17,000 colleges affiliated to 230 universities and non-affiliated university-level institutions. In addition, there are about 10 million students in over 6500 vocational institutions. The enrolment is growing at the rate of 5.1 per cent per year. However, of the Degree students only 5 per cent are enrolled into engineering courses, while an overall 20 per cent in sciences. The demand for professional courses is growing rapidly.
Both public and private institutions operate simultaneously in...
... Education in Emerging India
Meaning of education
1.Education in its general sense is a form of learning in which the knowledge, skills, and habits of a group of people are transferred from one generation to the next through teaching, training, or research. Education frequently takes place under the guidance of others, but may also be autodidactic. Any experience that has a formative effect on the way one thinks, feels, or acts may be considered educational. Education is commonly divided into stages such as preschool, primary school, secondary school and then college, university or apprenticeship.
2. (by j.parankimalil) Education is a systematic process through which a child or an adult acquires knowledge, experience, skill and sound attitude. It makes an individual civilized, refined, cultured and educated. For a civilized and socialized society, education is the only means. Its goal is to make an individual perfect. Every society gives importance to education because it is a panacea for all evils. It is the key to solve the various problems of life.
Since time immemorial, education is estimated as the right road to progress and prosperity. Different educationists’ thoughts from both Eastern and Western side have explained the term ‘education’ according to the...
...PRIVATIZATION OF HIGHEREDUCATION – S.Divya Abirami
Our university system is, in many parts, in a state of disrepair...In almost half the districts in the country, highereducation enrolments are abysmally low, almost two-third of our universities and 90 per cent of our colleges are rated as below average on quality parameters... I am concerned that in many states university appointments, including that of vice-chancellors, have been politicised and have become subject to caste and communal considerations, there are complaints of favouritism and corruption.
– Prime Minister Manmohan Singh in 20071
At the eve of liberalization, globalization and privatization, many changes are taking place in different spheres of Indian socio-economic life. These changes have affected all the sectors including education. Education is such a factor which affects all other sectors. So, it is important to observe the changes in education. Because of new economic policy privatization is welcome in India and also in education. Now private educational institutions are increasing day by day. This paper gives an overview of state of highereducation system in India & highlights the need for private sector to step up...
...Topic : HigherEducationProblem in Taiwan (over The Last Fifty Years)
Do you think highereducation is one of the important goals for humanization? Long time ago, education is the right only for the nobilities. On the contrary, Taiwan today, everyone can access to highereducation as long as he or she strives hard enough. For the development of Taiwan and international competitiveness, the government had been investing a lot of money in order to advance highereducation. Not surprisingly, highereducation has become one of the unique phenomena in Taiwan nowadays. Many causes and effects are related to this phenomenon and discussed as follows.
There are three principal causes of this phenomenon. First of all, abundant universities have been founding and recruiting students actively. According to official statistics, highereducation sectors in Taiwan have been increasing from 27 universities & colleges in 1960s, to 164 schools in 2012 (Ministry of education, 2012; wiki). Moreover, 1.35 million people are studying in highereducation. Namely, every five people in average have studied until university education. Second, due to the deeply traditional value of Chinese, people think that “To be a scholar is to be...
...Highereducation system of India
In India 69 crore(6.9 billion) people belong to 15-60 year age group. This is the working age group. Growth of any nation depends on its youth. It is possible only if the youth get proper education. Highereducation plays a key role to produce Good engineers, doctors, administrators, artists etc.
Today, we have 16 IIT’s, 30 NIT’s, 13 IIM’s and around 550 universities in all over India. But still the nomination rate in highereducation is only 13%. In developed countries this rate is approximately 57%. Our government is spending 0.7% of its GDP on education and 19% of education expenditure is for highereducation. But our educational institutes are passing through the lack of quality. Our 25% engineers and managers are not suitable for industry and market.
More than 90% of our private institutes are not providing standard level of education.
In such situations we can have following solutions-
1. Concentrating on enhancing the capabilities and approach of students by introducing research oriented facilities.
2. The privatization is necessary to increase the number of graduates. If we want to increase our nomination rate to 20% till 2020 in, it is necessary to invest Rs. 5 lakh crore. So we need the help...
...American system of education is well-known all over the world and is appreciated for high quality and big opportunities which open before students after graduating. 70 % of the most influential and profitable posts in the government, in noncommercial organizations and in private enterprises worldwide are occupied with the graduates of the American universities, who have degree of the Master. 98 % of graduates with degree of the Bachelor get job within 6 months after graduating. To get a degree of the Bachelor one needs as a rule 4 years, and to get a degree of the Master 2 years more. Americans attach much importance to highereducation. They consider highereducation necessary to become an informed voter of the country. Many Americans have also another views - they consider, if you get highereducation you have more opportunities to gain higher income.
Problem №1 – financing
All educational institutions can be either state, or private, it depends on the funding source. Both private and the state educational institutions have three sources of the income: tuition fees from students, donations (payments which are done by rich philanthropists) and state financing. In the most prestigious colleges and universities such funds reach very large sizes: e.g. in such universities as Harward, Yale and Princeton funds are more than billion dollars. The...
HigherEducation in India – Issues and Challenges
HigherEducation in India is improving gradually after Independence. It is in the second place in the world after United States. Some institutions of India, such as the Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs), Indian Institutes of Management (IIMs), National Institute of Technology (NITs) and Jawaharlal Nehru University have been globally acclaimed for their standard of education. University Grants Commission (UGC) and the All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE), are two apex organisations that cater for the highereducation in India. The solutions for the below mentioned Issues, Challenges and Concerns of HigherEducation in India discussed in this paper would improve the status of Highereducation system in India.
Issues Challenges and Concerns dealt in this paper includes :
Autonomy of Universities, Access, Equity, Caste-based Reservation, Quality, Cost of Education, Declining Enrolment in Traditional Fields of Knowledge, Red Tapism, Vocationalization at the First Degree Level,Privatization and other Domestic Issues and Challenges of HigherEducation in India
...Introduction 350 words per page
HigherEducation must lead the march back to the fundamentals of human relationships, to the old discovery that is ever new, that man does not live by bread alone. - John A. Hannah
Education has always been and continues to be one of the most important needs of mankind. It helps man indoctrinate values and apply the technical know-how in real life situations. Of late, there has been an increasing trend towards privatisation of highereducation in India. The Government of India cannot absolve itself from the responsibility of providing highereducation to its citizens. The Government is thus obliged to not only strive towards providing access to highereducation to all its citizens but must also try and improve the quality of highereducation in India. In order to cater to these needs, a large investment is required. But in India lack of adequate funds continues to be a major hurdle. In the given context, there is a pressing need for the Private Sector to pitch in and that at the risk of privatization and monopolization of highereducation by the Private Sector. There are several schools of thought in this regard and the term ‘privatisation’ raises several issues. Would it be feasible to have a Public-...