Name: Sarah Shafqat
Roll. no. : 16-10228
Forman Christian College, Lahore
I am the tree...
Composed in the form of two non rhythmic quatrains and one quintet the poem delivers sentiments of a man exiled from his land, his people, his life on sheer ethical basis.' I am the tree', written in simple language gives out a powerful message coming from a withered soul whose speaking not only for himself but for generations deprived of basic human rights in every sense of the word. The system of apartheid that he strongly denounced formed basis of Dennis Vincent Brutus's protest poetry. "I am the treecreaking in the windoutside in the nighttwisted and stubborn" In the first quatrain Brutus uses the simile of a tree to describe his identity that has been snatched away from him. The poet paints a dark and gloomy picture which explains the crisis of his situation along with the cheerless life he lives away from his land. 'Creaking in the wind' describes the urge of a man crying out loud for acceptance of his existence because trees on earth, like human beings are innumerable and most importantly vital for survival. In this way just as every tree is important for life is the same way every human being irrespective of color or race is important and deserves happiness. 'Twisted and stubborn' are the phrases used probably for the roots of a tree that can be bonded with the poets determination to write and protest through his writings until justice is restored for millions of sad hearts who were victims of apartheid. "I am the sheetof the twisted tinshackgrating in the windin a shrill sad protest" This quintet gives the underlying message of dislocation that might have made the mistreated subject of identity crisis. He describes his helplessness as well as strength by referring to twisted tin, tin itself being resistant to corrosion yet being malleable and soft in nature. Blowing of the wind is used to describe the oppression which the discriminated...
...ideas and things. While in the first half of the poem, time and nature destroy the poet’s writing and attempts to immortalize it; in the second half the poet immortalizes his eternal, spiritual love through his writings.
One of the indirect implications of the typical fifteenth century women being docile and subservient can be found in the waves being given a masculine quality. Normally, nature is associated with the female entity because both are responsible for giving and sustaining life. Here, however, the author’s reason for giving a masculine identity to nature must be because of the malignant role it is playing.
Edmund Spenser’s Sonnet 75 from Amorreti is not only an exquisite piece of Elizabethan times, it portrays the quintessential poetry of the time as well. His optimal employment of literary techniques of form, rhyme, imagery, personification and alliteration give the sonnet a wholesome structure and an pleasant quality.
When he writes her name on the sand, her name is washed away by the waves. He tries again and again but his all attempts when the tide is in will be washed. The lover here emphasize that allegorically;
The tide represents "the time" and
The sand of seashore represents his "memories"
The word "tide" refers to the word "time" also in means of written and "sand" also refers to his memories because memory is a reflection of the past and it has a particular shape in minds to indicate particular moments and events which we...
... In his poem "On ModernPoetry," Wallace Stevens attempts to define his life's work and his passion. To a poet "On ModernPoetry" serves as both a guidebook and a wonderful example of what makes poetics an amazing art. Stevens uses his talent to explain his talent, taking the reader on a wonderful journey through the process of poem creation, and through the human mind. The aforementioned guidelines that Wallace details in "OnModernPoetry" are dead on and may have shaped the way that poems are created to this day. He captured the true essence of poetics while allowing the reader to continue doing their job, using their mind and their imagination. Stevens weaves a visual path through the job description of a poem and leaves the reader wondering what is said, and how to take it.
The journey of poem writing is a perplexing one, especially in the area of method. When Wallace Stevens opens "On ModernPoetry" with the line: "The poem of the mind in the act of finding/What will suffice" (ll. 1-2). He is detailing the struggle to find the right word, the right scheme, or the right time for change. He then follows with: "It has not always had/To find: the scene was set; it repeated what/Was in the script" (ll. 2-4). This is in reference to change and the modernist/imagist view of poetry in the past. This could be taken as a derogatory comment to the...
April 9 2014
Sir Walter Raleigh (1552-1618) was called a “silver poet of his time because of the way he did not conform to the poet writing style of the Renaissance era. He became fairly popular with Queen Elizabeth I and was knighted in 1585. But he fell out of her good graces when he secretly married ladies without her permission. The queen locked him in the Tower of London for some time, and while he was locked up he was writing poetry. He was ultimately arrested and executed in 1618 to appease the Spanish government for some ransacking that his men did on one of their voyages through America. His works are everything from plain to somber and that is one of the main things that made him a great poet.
The Nymph’s Reply
“The Nymph’s Reply to the Shepherd” by Sir Walter Raleigh has many themes and interpretations. The poem describes love and time, but the most important thing that I think it describes is “Carpe Diem” or seizing the day. The poem is a response to Christopher Marlowe’s “The Passionate Shepherd to His Love”. Marlowe’s poem describes a shepherd trying to win over the one he loves by promising her all of these earthly things, but Raleigh’s poem is the woman seemingly denying the shepherd’s advances and saying that all of the earthly things that he promised will all eventually pass away and be forgotten. The Nymph says that the only way we can be together is if youth lasted...
‘Cousin Kate’ by Christina Rossetti
This Victorian poem is about the narrator (a fallen woman), the Lord and Kate. It is a ballad which tells the story from the narrator’s perspective about being shunned by society after her ‘experiences’ with the lord. The poem’s female speaker recalls her contentment in her humble surroundings until the local ‘Lord of the Manor’ took her to be his lover. He discarded her when she became pregnant and his affections turned to another village girl, Kate, whom he then married. Although the speaker’s community condemned the speaker as a ‘fallen’ woman, she reflects that her love for the lord was more faithful than Kate’s. She is proud of the son she bore him and is sure that the man is unhappy that he and Kate remain childless. Some readers think that she feels more betrayed by her cousin than the lord. This poem is a dramatic monologue written in the Victorian era.
The poem is written in first person narrative. It has 6 stanzas of 8 lines: One stanza each on the narrator, the Lord and Kate; stanza 4 contrasts the position of the narrator and Kate; stanza 5 criticises Kate and stanza 6 focuses on the narrator’s triumph at having a child. Each stanza is the same length and each line has a similar rhythm, giving it a ballad-like feel. It could also be conveying the strength and perseverance of the narrator who has to face life in conflict with the expectations of Victorian society. Note that the tone changes as the...
...Song of the Whale
About whaling in Japan
1st- metaphor describing the whale as a heaving mountain /the lines describing the whale getting killed/ describe the whale crying out/heard whale singing, describes it as grieving
2nd – singing to all the other whales and describes it as crying for its life/ the whale body would used for- lipstick for ‘painted’ faces, meaning makeup, and for shoe polish.
3rd- ‘tumbling - mountain’- vivid imagery of a massive, moving mound in the sea.
4th- ultrasonic-high pitched, comparing it to the sound of birds chirping. Birds soar in sky, they soar in water
5th -Just use them- think they are big dumb creatures- highly intelligent
6th – in the forest- sea –comparison / heard the whale cry and singing
7th – we will always kill you and not realise that you are important/ not protect you/not chose to let you live/ instead use for your body
Song of the whale is composed by Kit Wright and offers insight on the issue of whaling. The poem depicts the emotions of the whale as it is being slaughtered. The poem also depicts what the body of the whale is used for. This poem informs the readers that humans do not realise the importance of whales to the food chain and that whales should not be executed. The message the author is portraying is that whaling is inhumane. Various sound and poetic devices are used to enhance the meaning of the poem. Poetic techniques used include metaphors. A metaphor can be seen in...
...how is the theme of loss and separation explored in remember, a mother in a refugee camp and poem at thirty nine?
The three poems Remember written by Christina Rossetti, A Mother In A Refugee Camp by Chinua Achebe and Poem at Thirty-Nine by Alice Walker share the same negative theme of loss and separation. Remember explores the pain felt by losing loved ones. A Mother In A Refugee Camp emphasizes the relationship between a mother and her child living in a refugee camp. Poem at thirty nine is a poem about the reminiscences of a loved one.
Remember expresses the pain in losing and letting go of a loved one. The first few words said by the speaker are "remember me" this uses the technique of imperatives to effectively express the personas demanding tone. The word 'remember' is repeated several times, this shows that there is fear the speaker has that their lover might forget them too quickly. This word gives the effect of there being a separation between two lovers. This quote can have multiple interpretations as the speaker can be seen to be speaking in a selfish tone or in a concerned tone. The title itself consists of this word which shows the power of the word and the entire poem. The speaker at first appeals to her lover to remember her after death, but as the poem progresses she dispels her selfishness. The poem unfold as the word 'remember' is used the reader understands that there is separation between two lovers. The reason of the separation becomes...
Interpretation of Invictus by William Ernest Henley
No one can ever sufficiently justify William Ernest Henry’s indescribably touching and heartbreaking poem “Invictus”. It would be prudent to remark how his sorrows in life paved a path for him to think beyond and maneuvered him to become a celebrated poet. In spite of his affliction from an early age he did not succumb to his disease. Henley’s Invictus is a gamut of infinite ideas shouting out about his placid disposition. Nevertheless, the readers have often encountered mixture of interpretations.
Theme of the poem
The poem is a reflection of Henley’s miserable life infected with crippling disease. The mood of the poem is serious and welcomes the reader to interpret according to their understanding. “Finds, and shall find, me unafraid, Pit from pole to pole” are two examples of Alliteration where the poet has deliberately repeated the initial letters in the adjacent words. Poets use this technique to emphasize certain concepts and phrases. The last two lines of the poem are a clear example of Epigram that connotes either a larger than life concept or a sardonic statement. The poem is everything but a portrayal of Dysphemism. Authors and poets usually make a good use of dysphemism when they have to harshly criticize any concept.
Interpretation of the Poem
The title of the poem implies the poet’s commitment to confront adversity with utter might and...
...The Poison Tree
I was angry with my friend
I told my wrath, my wrath did end
I was angry with my foe
I told it not, my wrath did grow
and I watered it in fears
Night and morning with my tears
And I sunned it with smiles
And with soft deceitful wiles
And it grew both day and night
Till it bore an apple bright
And my foe beheld it shine
And he knew that it was mine
And into my garden stole
When the night had veiled the pole
In the morning glad I see
My foe outstretched beneath the tree
Rhyme scheme, metaphor, symbolism
In this poem there are William Blake has used three different literary terms. One of them is a rhyme scheme, which is used in almost all of William Blake’s poems. The rhyme scheme of this poem is AA BB and continues this way in the other stanzas of them poem as well. In the second stanza he says “I watered it in fears … and I sunned it with smiles”; here William Blake is using a metaphor to compare his anger to a plant or tree. He describes how he let his anger toward an enemy grow.
The third literary device William Blake used symbolism. The title of the poem, “the poison tree” itself is symbolism which represent the anger of the speaker.
The wild winds weep
and the night is a-cold
Come hither, Sleep
and my griefs infold
But lo! The morning peeps
over the eastern steeps
and the rustling birds of dawn
the earth do scorn
Lo! to the vault
Of paved heaven...