Intro to Human Biologocial Diversity Essay - 1584 Words

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Intro to Human Biologocial Diversity

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Tuesday, September 09, 2014
1:26 PM

This sections tells us what exactly anthropology is-- study of physical and learned characteristics of human beings and primates. Interesting fact human behavior is learned and humans are merely "the result of long time interactions between biology and culture AKA BIOCULTURE." It also Contains five subfields:

1. Cultural Anthropology
i. Studies of patterns and beliefs in modern/ historical behavior 2. Linguistic Anthropology
i. Study of human speech and language
3. Archaeology
i. Study of earlier cultures excavation
4. Physical Anthropology
i. Study of human biology in regards to evolution and bioculture 5. Applied Anthropology
i. Use of anthropological theories
All methods are conducted via scientific method utilizing only quantitative data and hypothesis which mean it is supported by factual data.

Intro to Huuman Biological Diversity (1) Page 1

Introduction to Anthropology
Thursday, September 11, 2014
1:32 PM

Evolution is…
The cumulative changes in the average genetic characteristic of a population usually occurring over multiple generations
IN MY WORDS: changes in DNA over time within a specific group What is Biological Anthropology….
Science concerned with biological and behavioral characteristics of human beings, primates, and everything in between.
"Anthropology is a discipline"
It is the study of humans
- Holistic/ Whole
Eat sleep perspective beliefs
- Comparative
Comparing/ contrasting societies or difference in the learned behavior CULTURE:
- How we act and what we do that has been learned from previous generations rather than genetics Study all ranges and aspects of humans

Things the Teacher Says:
- Homo erectus before Neanderthals
- Emily Resmo
○ Female tennis player French
○ Study shows the thickness of her tennis arm is notably thicker than the other
○ MORE MUSCLE = MORE BONE DENSITY
- Thinner pelvis more efficient runners
- Culture has diverged and caused major tension in genetically similar people
- Jane Goodall : Chimp studier
- Josef Mengele "Angel of Death" murderer if 400,000
- Monogamous : "mate for life"
*Usage of Tools - widdling stick to a point to get bugs mini linuers - Homologs - bone relations between animals
○ 260 bones in cranium
- ONE BONE IS THE SACTIC NOTCH LARGE FOR WOMAN FOR CHILD BIRTH

SUBDISCIPLINE OF ANTH
- Cultural Anthropologist
- Linguistics
○ Observation of people behaviors
○ Documenting languages
studying modern behavior
studying evolutions of
 Utilize todays behavior to
language
evaluate the past
- Archaeology
- Physcial Anthropology
○ Excavate and analyze
○ Epidemiology: study of diseases

Osteology
- Study of the skeleton and
understanding it's mechanics
- Interpreting the fossils

Physical Anthropology Branches

Primatology
- Study of non human primates
○ Relatedness
○ Behavioral studies of NHP's
○ Cultural behaviors of
chimpanzee's and NHP*
 Grooming in order o keep
each other calm
 Using tools to eat and
gather termites

Paleopathology
- Study of skeletal
Disease and Trauma
( day to day of violent
things signature on
bones

Intro to Huuman Biological Diversity (1) Page 2

Molecular Genetics
- DNA comparisons of
populations
- Allow to understand the
peopling of the world
- Genetic difference's

Paleoanthropology
- Study of earliest ancestors (prepeople)

Anthropomoetry
- Study ofhuman body measurements
documentation of phsyical variation

Forensic Anthropology
- Applied anthropology "dead men do tell tales"
for legal poloitcal and special interest issues use
remains to identify things like race gender
stature time of death

Chapter 2 Summary
Monday, October 06, 2014
2:01 PM

Talks about the history of Natural Selection as developed by Darwin. However, a man named Wallace also had the same idea but we didn't make It to the punch. For a while schools didn't teach the theory of evolution in school because... Show More

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