Inside Islam notes Essay - 1718 Words



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Inside Islam notes

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Text Preview Video Notes: “Inside Islam” (The History Channel, 2002)

Streaming segments c. 10 minutes each
Part 1 of 9: Intro and basic facts:

Islam means Peace and Submission (The peace that comes from submission, the attention to God that comes from peace.) Allah Akbar means “God is great.”
Sunni = 85% of Muslim population; Shia = 10%; Sufi less than 5% Islam is not only a religion of the Middle East: largest population of Muslims is in India. Largest Islamic country is Indonesia. Of same faith tradition as both Christians and Jews

Muslims & Jews are both monotheistic, differ only on mainly messianic theology Places of worship differ yet can coexist; Spain fostered all three Abrahamic faiths during pre-Ferdinand and Isabella era (pre-1492)

Part 2 of 9: Pre Muslim Mecca, Quraish tribe, Muhammad’s early years & first vision, Qur’an, 1st pillar shahadah, and start of 2nd pillar prayer:

Muslims descended from Hagar and Ishmael, who fled to the desert Abraham, according to Muslim legend, built Ka’ba
Quraysh tribe controlled Mecca as trading city. Later put icons and statues of various tribal Gods inside Ka’ba so Mecca would become even more important as a pilgrimage site. Muhammad was born several generations later in 570 AD into a wealthy family. His dad died, his grandfather sent him to live with trading caravans. As a young man he became a talented caravanier, married Khadijah Muhammad illiterate, so others recorded his recitations

Qur’an means “recitation,” a mix of poetry, stories, admonitions, advice and warnings.

Part 3 of 9: 2nd pillar (prayer) continued, Muhammad gains followers, conflict with Meccans, Hijra, to Ummayad dynasty; beginning of 3rd pillar:

Muhammad gave sermons against polytheism to pilgrims arriving at the Ka’ba in Mecca; was persecuted by Quraish Muhammad had no strong political ally, few followers initially. Journeyed to Yathrib (later named Medina, “City of the Prophet”) to arbitrate dispute between city states. Became year 0 in Islamic calendar, 622 CE. Set up first Islamic community (Ummah)

Meccans were enraged, attacked Medina to destroy Muslims.
Battle of Badr, outnumbered by Meccans, yet Medinans won
Muslims triumphed
630 AD Muslims returned to Mecca
Cleansed Abraham’s sacred temple (Ka’ba) of idols of pilgrims, kept the Ka’ba (lit. “cube”) as the central expression of monotheism Offered Meccans freedom for peace, many converted
Arab tribes came to pay tribute to Muhammad and convert
Umayyads 1st dynasty 750
Within a century of Muhammad’s death Muslims controlled more land than the Roman Empire—Turkey to parts of China. Jews and Christians were exempt from conversion to Islam
3rd pillar: Charity is heavily emphasized in the Qur’an, even more than the subordinate status of women

Part 4 of 9: 3rd pillar, charity, continued; 4th pillar, Ramadan, Abbasid dynasty; Crusades; Mongols:

3rd Pillar: Charity: From everything you own you give 2.5%
All money collected must be given to those in need
One must follow the fast during the month of Ramadan as the 4th pillar Fast lasts from sunrise till sunset
Exceptions are made for the sick, weak, children, and the mothers who are expecting It’s a time to intensify your efforts to build your relationship with God The festival of the great Eid (Lit. festival) of the breaking of the fast Shia split from the Sunni after the death of Hussein (680 AD) There was a discrepancy of how leaders should be put in place Shia believed that leaders should be direct descendants of Muhammad Sunni believed leaders should be elected democratically

8th century golden age in Iraq, Abbasid dynasty arose in Bagdad Abbasids valued learning, Greek philosophy and natural science. Algebra invented, decimals, exponents.
Medicine developed, orthopedics, mental illness... Show More

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