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Exam 1 Notes

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Text Preview Abnormal Psychology Exam 1 Notes
Chapter 1: Abnormal Behavior in Historical context
Myths and Miconceptions about abnormal behavior
There is no single definition of psychological abnormality
No single definition of psychological normality
What is A Pychological disorder
Psychological Dysfunction
Breakdown in cognitive, emotional, or behavioral functioning. Personal Distress
Difficulty performing appropriate and expected roles
Impairment is set in the context of a person’s background
Atypical or not culturally expected response
Example: hearing voices or hallucination, seeing spirits
All disorders do not necessarily cause impairment or distress Abnormal Behavior Devined
A Psychological Dysfunction Associated with Distress or Impairment in Functioning that is not Typical or Culturally Expected Response The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM-IV)
DSM contains diagnostic criteria
Psychopathology is the scientific study of psychological disorders. Abnormal behavior needs to be understand in its contexts
The science of psychopathology
Mental health professionals
The PH.D.s: Clinical and counseling psychologists
The Psy.D’s: Clinical and counseling “Doctors of Psychology” M.D.’s psychiatrists
M.S.W.’s psychiatric and non-psychiatric social workers
MN/MSN’s: psychiatric nurses
United by the Scientist-Practitioner Framework
The Scientist-Practitioner Model
Producers of research
Consumers of research
Evaluators of their work using empirical methods
They conduct research and/ be a consumer or the research. They benefit from it. They practice it. Mental health professionals are
Consumers of science: they enhance the practice
Evaluators of science: determining the effectiveness of the practice Creator of science.
Clinical description
Begins with the Presenting Problem
This is the area of the patient’s concern. This is the problem that they present to the mental health professional Description aims to distinguish clinically significant dysfunction from common human experience Might not always be the issue at hand.

The nurse or physician will ask for a more detailed description and get more information. Tell me more about that. How often is this happening? Describe prevalence and incidence of disorders
Prevalence is the rate of the disorder in a population. How often It occurs within a group of people Incidence is the rate of the disorder during a given period of time. Could also be the number of cases during a given time. Describe onset of disorders

When did it start?
Acute v. insidious onset
Acute: sudden. It came out of nowhere
Insidious: gradual onset.
Describe course of disorders
What kind of patter does the pattern follow
Episode, time-limited, or chronic.
Episodic: does it come in waves?
Time-limited: happened once for a few days then never happened again. Chronic: has happened over a long period of time. Cannot go a certain amount of time without having something happen. Causation, Treatment, and outcome

What factors contribute to the development of psychopathology Study of Etiology: how did it happen? How did it start? What’s the cause? Biological influences, psychological influences, social. Etc Prognosis: The expected outcome. The prognosis may be good with treatment. The prognosis might be bad if the person has been in rehab 6 or 7 times and has seen no improvement. How can we best improve the lives of people suffering from psychopathology? Study of treatment development

Includes pharmacologic, psychosocial, and or
Historical COnceptions of abnormal behavior
Major psychological disorders have existed
In all cultures
Across all time periods
The causes and treatment of abnormal behavior varies widely
Across cultures
Across time periods
As particularly as a function of prevailing paradigms or would views Three dominant traditions include
Supernatural
Biological
Psychological
The thing that has changed regarding abnormal disorders is our understanding. The... Show More

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