An 19th century philosopher and scientist, ___, that studied how animals and plants seemed change in a chance and progressive form through natural selection. His theory was called evolution. Answer
Thomas Robert Malthus
According to Genesis, the Garden of Eden was located between two rivers where you find Iraq today. One of the rivers was ___. Answer
An example of a religion-like popular philosophy would be ___. In this way of thinking, the temples are the malls, money becomes the god and the “saintly followers or most successful have lots of things. Answer
A story of the origins of the universe that says humans are a special creation because they are something like their maker is based on the ___? Answer
Taino creation story
Indonesian creation story
An investigation in the Black Sea north of Turkey, made by a scientist who published his investigations in National Geographic Magazine, seems to indicate ___. Answer
The Genesis flood story is a cute story for children, but there is no scientific evidence for it
There may have been a massive flood that covered much of the Middle East around that sea
All of Darwin’s original theories were correct
There were dinosaurs and mammoth in prehistoric times
Trujillo was a political leader that practiced Social Darwinism or formation of a superior race through the elimination of ___ in his country. Answer
Karl Marx wrote that religion is "the ___ of the people" or in other words like a crutch for the weak. Answer
Guacar was twin who was later called ___ and was a god who was responsible for earthquakes, storms and even bringing the...
...The Decline of Christianity in Europe
The twentieth century was a time of great flux and anxiety in Europe as the supremacy of Christianity in Europe was being challenged by the fronts of biblical criticism, and evolution. According to Rev, Andrew Greeley, a social sciences professor at the University of Chicago, belief in God has increased in Russia and Hungary and decreased in Britain, the Netherlands, western Germany and France. Atheism thrives in eastern Germany, Russia, The Czech Republic and France. Interestingly though, most European countries report denominational affiliation.
According to Dr Greeley, there was a time when people were more religious than they are now. Secularizers like to point to the decline as evidence that religion no longer matters. This is not true. Religion in a given country is affected by history, social structure and culture; and its affects on them. English historians recently have argued that Henry VIII was the first secularizer in that he replaced a religious society with an established church. With that in mind, what one sees in Great Britain could represent the endgame of Anglicanism. A culture without religion is bound for a future of chaos and loss of morality.
Western academics have accepted the sociologists secularization thesis that asserts that intellectual advances and economic modernization leads people and nations past a need for faith, to a more enlightened and more secular...
Living my life as a Christian
Christians are taught through the teachings of Jesus and the disciples that follow him to love one and other and the God is almighty. There are many different forms of Christianity and they differ significantly from one extreme to the other, and they also differ from the modern version to the conservative. Just like in Judaism, Christians come together for worship and holy days. Most Christians reserve Sundays as their day of worship in rembrance of Jesus’ resurrection. During Sunday worship there is usually a reading from the bible and then the sermon performed by a minister or priest. Sacred rituals that Christians participate in are: baptism, confirmation, confession, marriages and funerals.
There are sacred times throughout the year that Christians reserve as sacred holy days. In the spring holy week is observed starting with Palm Sunday which represents Jesus entering Jerusalem. Maundy Thursday is next with a celebration that reflects on the Last Supper that Jesus had with his disciples. This is where he broke bread and served the wine in remembrance of him. The bread represents Christ body and the wine represents the blood of Christ as it was shed for you. On Good Friday Christians are reminded of the time Jesus spent on the cross suffering and finally dying. Easter Sunday has an early sunrise service with the celebration of the resurrection.
An Advent wreath is put out four weeks prior to Christmas as the...
...Followers of Jesus, a Jewish man, started a new religion, Christianity. Christianity started to grow during the Pax Romana, a period of peace in Rome. The Pax Romana lasted from 27 B.C.E to 180 C.E. and during it government improved, literature prospered, engineering improved, and laws formed. The peace during the Pax Romana provided a time for Christianity to rise. Christianity spread rapidly and successfully in the 1st through 3rd centuries because it appealed to many people, missionaries could easily travel and spread the message, and because of the events taking place in Rome.
The Christian message, a universal message, appealed to many people. In the Sermon on the Mount, the only full sermon existing from Jesus, a section called “The Beatitudes” lists all of the blessed people. Jesus blessed the oppressed, the hungry, the merciful, the peacemakers, and the pure in heart in his sermon. The Christian message of hope appealed to those out of power and suffering under the rule of the Roman authority, because the Christian message gave people hope and a thought of salvation. The Sermon on the Mount, given by Jesus, encompasses the Christian message of hope. In addition because of the simplicity and directness of the Christian message, people could easily catch on to the message.
In addition to those suppressed by the Roman government, Christianity also appealed to gentiles, non-Jews. Paul, a...
...THL111 – Introduction to Christian Theology
Often it is heard that the Bible is a made up of stories and others say that the Bible lacks scientific knowledge. The Bible has a purpose, and that purpose is to teach salvation, and not science. The Bible is aimed as a spiritual inspiration. We are asked the following question.
How is the Bible authoritative for Christian theology? If the Bible is authoritative, we may also assume it is inerrant and the word of God. Inspiration, inerrancy, infallibility and word of God will be argued by different authors, each giving there views and determining whether or not the Bible is authoritative.
The church from the beginning has recognised the Bible as an inspirational document for the Christian communities. The word of God can be considered to be alive and full of life, where words change in meaning over the years; the scripture can be adapted to today’s world as it was adapted a hundred years ago.
Migliore argues the following inadequate approaches related to the authoritative of the Bible. (Migliore, 2004, p. 47) The scripture can inadequately have a supernatural origin, used a s a historical source, viewed as religious classic or a book for private devotion. The Bibles direct relation with God, making it the word of God gives it a supernatural character. God directly inspired all the books, chapters and verses by the means where the Holy Spirit guided the human writers. These Biblicist views...
Define Christianity’s core doctrines.
has two core doctrines. The first core doctrine is the Incarnation, which asserts that Christ is both fully divine and fully human. The second doctrine is the Trinity, which holds that God consists of three persons: Father, Son, and the Holy Spirit.
What are the literal and symbolic meanings of the Greek word ixthus?
The Greek word for fish is the ixthus, each letter that begins a word of the phrase “Jesus Christ, Son of God, Savior.”
What are the primary sources of information about the life of Jesus?
The New Testament Gospels, which are Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John.
Briefly describe the different varieties of Judaism at the time of Jesus, including their responses to the Roman rule.
The different varieties of Judaism are the Sadducees, Essenes, Zealots, and the Pharisees. The Sadducees were wealthy aristocrats that were conservative and they were on good terms with the rulers. The Essenes led lives of purity in desert communities to flee from trouble. The Pharisees were moderate, obeying the traditional commandments of Judaism and developing the oral Torah. The last group, the Zealots believed that the only way to achieve independence was through armed rebellion.
To what was Jesus likely referring to when he spoke of the Kingdom of God?
When Jesus spoke of the Kingdom of God he referred to God’s...
“Describe and trace the invention and diffusion of one important philosophy or religion studied through week 3 of this class. How and why do you believe this philosophy or religion changed as it entered a new area and interacted with new people?
Since the 1st century, many religions have been born and developed throughout time. One of the more notable and successful religions, Christianity, played a big role in the development of the Roman Empire, and gained popularity and recognition as it started to spread across the globe. But how or why did this religion change as it entered a new area and interacted with new people?
Although in the first few centuries AD Christians were prosecuted and punished, often with death, there were also periods when they were more secure (McKay, 166). Secondly, the rise of Christianity to imperial-sponsored dominance in the fourth and fifth centuries, although surprising, was not without precedent, and its spread hardly as inexorable as contemporary Christians portrayed it. Christians were first, and horribly, targeted for persecution as a group by the emperor Nero in 64 AD (McKay, 166).
A massive fire broke out at Rome, and destroyed much of the city. Rumors flourished that Nero himself was responsible. He certainly took advantage of the resulting devastation of the city, building a lavish private palace on part of the site of the fire...
...because it shows the journey how Tris becomes brave, selfish and Divergent. Plus the zip lining and the fear things she had to go through. Furthermore, it has great life lessons that everyone should know. For example, “becoming fearless isn’t the point. That’s impossible. It’s learning how to control your fear and how to be free from it, that’s the main point. Lastly, Divergent is a very unique book because it tells how the future Chicago is going to be like books and I really enjoyed the actions, emotions, and adventures. Overall this book is phenomenal.
One interesting part of the novel that I can relate to
One interesting part in Divergent that I can relate to is the dog scene. On page 14, at the Aptitude Test. During the Aptitude test, when the dog arrived out of nowhere, Tris was frightened. She was afraid that the dog would have done something to her. First she thought of running but, she knew that the dog will be faster than her. She was trying to make a decision until the dog begin to come closer to her and started to growl. Tris had no choice so she chose to run as fastest she could. I can relate to that horrified situation because I remember I was at the same position as Tris. In grade 5, afterschool I chose to runaround my whole neighborhood once for practice because I had a 600 meters tournament in Track and Field. When it started to rain I was on my way back home until I saw this huge German shepherd. The dog began...
...¬In this essay, we will examine the contribution of Christianity in the lives of individual believers and their communities. This contribution will be assessed using the common characteristics of beliefs, sacred text and writings and ethics.
Christianity is a religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus. Christians share a set of beliefs that are important to their faith, they believe that God created the universe, God is a single ruler, Jesus is the son of God, Jesus suffered and was crucified for our sins and Heaven and Hell. Christian’s believe that when Jesus died and was resurrected that they will be resurrected after they die and brought into the Kingdom of Heaven, they also believe that when Jesus was resurrected it was the most important event in human history.
Christians have a strong belief in Heaven and Hell; Christians believe that Heaven is a location which is for rewarding whereas Hell is a place for punishment. Almost all Christians believe everyone has a potential for eternal life and can receive salvation in the name of Jesus Christ; those who have achieved salvation before death will live forever in Heaven but for the rest they will spend eternity in Hell for their sins. Heaven is important for individuals because it is a place where Christians will find complete healing and everything about their identity boost to its full potential. They will enjoy the love of God and enjoy the love of each other forever.
“Then I saw...